African Burying Ground Memorial

African Burying Ground Memorial (HM26OZ)

Location: Portsmouth, NH 03801 Rockingham County
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Country: United States of America
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N 43° 4.508', W 70° 45.542'

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(left panel)

I stand for the Ancestors Here and Beyond
I stand for those who feel anger
I stand for those who were treated unjustly
I stand for those who were taken from their loved ones
I stand for those who suffered the middle passage
I stand for those who survived upon these shores
I stand for those who pay homage to this ground
I stand for those who find dignity in these bones
— Jerome Meadows, artist and sculptor

The Entry Figures
The male figure stands for the first enslaved Africans brought to Portsmouth and those who followed.
The female figure represents Mother Africa, endlessly straining past the obstacles that keep her from her children of the Diaspora.
Together, as each figure reaches around the edge of the granite slab towards the other, they physically embody the separation and uncertainty experienced by those brought here as captives as well as their perseverance.
The gap between their fingertips is a reminder of their forced separation and of the divisions of past injustice.

The Petition Line
In 1779, twenty men who had been forcibly brought from West Africa when they were children and were purchased by prominent local families, petitioned the New Hampshire legislature for

their freedom and for an end to slavery in the state.
Quoting phrases from this "Petition for Freedom," the petition line is a visual and historical thread linking the elements of the memorial and putting eloquent voice to those so long forgotten and ignored.
Extending from the entry figures through a space of contemplation, the line disappears into the burial vault beneath the plaza.
The West African symbol adorning this line is "Nsoromma" that means "Child of the Heavens" and is an icon of guardianship.

Burial Vault Lid
The Adinkra figure "Sankofa" meaning "Return and Get It — Learn from the Past" forms a shield and cover for the burial vault containing the re-interred remains of those exhumed in 2003 and additional partial remains found at the site during preparations for the memorial.

Community Figures

These life-sized bronze silhouettes represent the collective community of greater Portsmouth, gathered with resolve to acknowledge, protect and pay homage to the souls whose remains were uncovered in 2003.
Each figure bears a line from the poem by memorial designer and sculptor Jerome Meadows, inspired by this sacred place.

Decorative Railing

The design is based on an African kente cloth motif suggestive of boat paddles.
The ceramic tiles embedded in the railing were

created by students from Portsmouth Public Schools.
By forming the tiles, these schoolchildren link hands with past children who worked here and future generations who will stop, remember and stand for those forgotten.

(right panel)

We Stand in Honor of Those Forgotten

This Memorial was created by the people of Portsmouth. Those buried here are not part of black history or white history. This is our collective history.

The symbol chosen to represent the solemn intent of this African Burying Ground Memorial and its close historical connection to West Africa is the distinctive Sankofa symbol from the Akan people of Ghana.
For those Africans forcibly removed from their homeland to be enslaved in America, and for those of us reflecting on that history now, we take the Sankofa and its timeless meaning to heart: "Return and Get It - Learn From The Past."

The first known enslaved African, a man from Guinea, arrived in Portsmouth in 1645. He was among hundreds of African captives to live in slavery in New Hampshire. Throughout the Colonial Era, New Hampshire's affluent port town had the largest number of slaves in the colony, up to 4 percent of the population recorded in the census of 1767. By 1810, few if any people of African ancestry were still enslaved in Portsmouth. Although early town records and

other public documents made references to "the Negro Burying Yard," the memory of the African Burying Ground and its occupants - which may number over 200 - faded as the decades passed.

The burying ground was built over and nearly forgotten — until October 7, 2003 when a work crew unexpectedly exposed deteriorating wooden coffins containing human remains. Forensic archaeology and DNA analysis confirmed the individuals exhumed as African. Portsmouth began a community discussion about this historic and sensitive site and determined that the space should be restored to sacred ground. The process to create a memorial and to re-inter the disturbed remains began. In the spring of 2015, the remains were re-interred in the burial vault that is the focal point of this Memorial.

The Portsmouth African Burying Ground Memorial stands for those who were forgotten. This burial site acknowledges their humanity, and ours. With design elements chosen in a series of the community dialogues about the past, present, and future, this Memorial provides an opportunity to look back and reflect on the history shared with those buried here, in a space whose extent is not fully defined. Although their identities are not known, their presence beneath our feet urges us to recognize them — and others forgotten — as individuals with stories that come alive as we look

back and remember.
HM NumberHM26OZ
Year Placed2015
Placed ByPortsmouth City Council and the African Burying Ground Committee
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, April 9th, 2018 at 1:03pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)19T E 356797 N 4770659
Decimal Degrees43.07513333, -70.75903333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 43° 4.508', W 70° 45.542'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds43° 4' 30.48" N, 70° 45' 32.52" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)603
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling East
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 386 State Street, Portsmouth NH 03801, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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