Bath Historic District

Bath Historic District (HM27II)

Location: Berkeley Springs, WV 25411 Morgan County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 37.7', W 78° 13.59'

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Washington Heritage Trail

Nearly 30 years after colonial travelers, including a teenaged George Washington, pitched tents and "took the waters" in stone lined pools, the Virginia Legislature in 1776 established a town called Bath on 50 acres around the warm mineral springs. The law establishing a town around the springs was unprecedented. It was the first, and possibly the only, American town set up specifically to be a spa. The official name of the municipality remains Bath although the world knows it by the Post Office name of Berkeley Springs.

A walking tour traces the history of dozens of historic buildings within the 18th-century town limits beginning with the founders and buyers of the first lots sold in 1777 including George and Samuel Washington as well as three signers of the Declaration of Independence and Constitution, two Revolutionary War generals and a half dozen members of the Continental Congress. The colonial elite clearly selected Bath as a fashionable summer escape.

The town's rich and colorful history displays cycles of notoriety and decline. It has enjoyed at least four Golden Ages as a premier resort and spa beginning with the 1760s through the 1790s and continuing to antebellum, Victorian and present-day. It even boasts Civil War damage at the hands of Stonewall Jackson.

In 2009, more than 150 historic structures

within the town limits and its distinguished nearly-250-year history led to designation of Bath as a National Historic District. Architectural contributions range from Italianate Victorian to Gothic Revival to Queen Anne.

The legislative act establishing Bath called for building convenient houses for accommodating numbers of infirm person, who frequent those springs yearly for the recovery of their health. December 6, 1776
HM NumberHM27II
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, May 14th, 2018 at 1:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 738041 N 4390183
Decimal Degrees39.62833333, -78.22650000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 37.7', W 78° 13.59'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 37' 42" N, 78° 13' 35.4" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)304
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 110 N Washington St, Berkeley Springs WV 25411, US
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Nearby Markersshow on map
Henry Whiting
0 miles
Robert Brown
0.01 miles
Tannery vs Hotels
0.03 miles
George Dick
0.04 miles
James Smith
0.04 miles
Berkeley Springs
0.05 miles
Judiah Higgins
0.06 miles
James Elliott
0.06 miles
Joseph Booth
0.07 miles
George Irwin
0.1 miles
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