Site of De La Garza House, Gardens and Mint

Site of De La Garza House, Gardens and Mint (HM28D4)

Location: San Antonio, TX 78205 Bexar County
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Country: United States of America
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N 29° 25.582', W 98° 29.595'

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Erected on this site in 1734 for prominent Bexar citizens Geronimo and Javiera Cantu de la Garza, the de la Garza family home was designed by Geronimo's brother-in-law Pedro Flores Valdez. The complex occupied an entire city block and was crafted with limestone and plaster walls three feet thick. Extensive gardens included cottonwood, pecan, fig and peach trees. The Spanish government granted the property to Javiera de la Garza in 1736 after her husband's death.

Two generations later, Jose Antonio de la Garza used the home's vault to safeguard the valuables of local merchants. In 1818 the Spanish crown granted him permission to mint coins which became known as jolas, a Spanish slang term for small currency of local issue used in the northeastern provinces of New Spain. The jolas replaced scarce Spanish silver in the value of a half real, making the de la Garza home what was probably the first mint in Texas.

During the Siege of Bexar in 1835, Ben Milam's troops engaged in a two-day battle to commandeer the fortress-like compound as their headquarters. Milam died in the struggle to take the city. After the siege possession of the home returned to the family, in whose control it remained for the rest of the century.

Six months of demolition were required to bring down the de la

Garza home in 1912. At that time a large sum of money was found hidden in the house and a sixteen-pound cannonball was discovered embedded in the walls, inscribing another page in the de la Garza chapter of San Antonio history.
HM NumberHM28D4
Year Placed1999
Placed ByTexas Historical Commission
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, June 11th, 2018 at 1:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)14R E 549153 N 3255331
Decimal Degrees29.42636667, -98.49325000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 29° 25.582', W 98° 29.595'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds29° 25' 34.92" N, 98° 29' 35.7" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)210
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 179 Soledad St, San Antonio TX 78205, US
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