History of the Channel Piers

History of the Channel Piers (HM28SU)

Location: South Haven, MI 49090 Van Buren County
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Country: United States of America
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N 42° 24.12', W 86° 16.955'

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In 1861, the first piers appeared on the north and south side of the entrance to the Black River. The channel between the piers was dredged to allow access to larger ships. In 1867, the piers were extended and the channel was widened which allowed a greater depth to be maintained.

In 1886, plans were developed to build a pierhead beacon at the end of the pier and a keepers dwelling on a bluff near the shore. In 1872, the original South Haven light was completed. The wooden structure was thirty feet tall. An elevated storage room took up the entire first floor and above it was an octagonal cast iron lantern. The storage room contained supplies to maintain the light and was also used as a place of shelter when the keepers worked on the light. A 75 foot wooden walkway was added above the wave line from the shore to the storage room. The keepers could use this walkway to safely get to the tower when the Lake Michigan waves came crashing over the pier.

Channel dredging continued and the pier was again extended. In 1901, the wooden tower was moved 249 feet to the end of the pier. In 1902, a Fifth Order Fresnel lens was installed in the lantern room of the tower. In 1903, the wooden tower was replaced with a round, white steel structure to protect it from the weather and was topped by a black parapet and octagonal

lantern room. The Fifth Order Fresnel lens was carefully removed from the old beacon and moved to the new lantern room.

In 1913, the piers were extended once more, and the tower was moved 425 feet to a new location at the end of the pier. In 1916, a fifty-two foot tall steel range tower was built on the pier some 800 feet inward from the pierhead light. Later the range tower was removed. The elevated wooden walkway was replaced with an iron catwalk and the steel tower was painted red.
Sponsored by Black River Dock Company / J & B Landing
Owned and operated by Barney Pero Since 1981
Dedicated to the preservation and growth
of the South Haven Harbor
HM NumberHM28SU
Placed ByBlack River Dock Company/J & B Landing & Michigan Maritime Museum
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, June 26th, 2018 at 1:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16T E 559039 N 4694660
Decimal Degrees42.40200000, -86.28258333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 42° 24.12', W 86° 16.955'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds42° 24' 7.2000000000001" N, 86° 16' 57.3" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)269
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling West
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 97 Water St, South Haven MI 49090, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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