Iron Crane

Iron Crane (HM28WE)

Location: Altamora, Açores 9930 Pico
Country: Portugal
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N 38° 28.782', W 28° 1.819'

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The crane was brought to Sardis in 1911 by the Howard Crosby Butler Expedition and was used for lifting and moving fallen architectural blocks during excavation of the temple of Artemis, 1910-1914. The crane was operated by hand, had a lifting capacity of five tons (column capitals weigh about two tons), and was moved around the temple site on a narrow-gauge Decauville railroad track by means of a small locomotive.

The crane was made by the firm Dorman Long of Middlesbrough, England. Its cast- and wrought-iron parts, fastened together entirely with bolts and rivets, were assembled at Sardis (the small stamped numbers on the parts are guides for assemblage). The crane has two gears, a larger one (7) for heavier loads, and a smaller one (2) for lighter loads. The gears were changed by moving the shaft (13) from side to side. The weight of the block was balanced by a movable counterbalance (1) mounted on rails and filled with stones or workmen.

1. counterweight box
2. low-range gear
3. small gear
4. shifting gear
5. top collar
6. fly wheel
7. high-range gear
8. shifting gear
9. central pivot
10. bottom collar
11. drum
12. pawl for locking high-range gear
13. horizontal shaft
14. manual handle
HM NumberHM28WE
Placed By
A close up view of the locomotive that was used to pull the crane, that is displayed on this marker.
The Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Republic of Turkey, and the Harvard Art Museums and Cornell University
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, June 28th, 2018 at 7:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)26S E 410132 N 4259543
Decimal Degrees38.47970000, -28.03031667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 28.782', W 28° 1.819'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 28' 46.92" N, 28° 1' 49.14" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling East
Closest Postal AddressAt or near ER1, Altamora Açores 9930, PT
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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