Slavery - An "Odious and Disgraceful" Practice

Slavery - An "Odious and Disgraceful" Practice (HM29N)

Location: Trenton, NJ 08611 Mercer County
Buy New Jersey State flags at!
Country: United States of America
Buy United States of America flags at!

N 40° 11.899', W 74° 45.505'

  • 0 check ins
  • 0 favorites
From the onset of European settlement in North America slavery was a recognized institution and integral to the colonial economy. Although Quakers discouraged the practice, settlers of other religious faiths living in the Delaware Valley maintained and relied heavily on the systems of bondage and indentured servitude to improve the land, raise crops and livestock, and generally support the colony's social structure. A census of New Jersey in 1726, recorded roughly 2,500 persons as being non-white, the vast majority of these individuals being enslaved Africans and African-Americans, yet also comprising members of other groups, including Native Americans.

Slavery persisted throughout the 18th century with the number of slaves in New Jersey reaching almost 11,500 by 1790, although sentiment against this inhumane practice gradually began to build during and after the Revolution. Slaves were bought and sold, hired out and frequently forced to work and live under appalling conditions. Their liberties were greatly restricted and they were forbidden to meet in large groups. Slaveholding was more prevalent in the southern counties of New Jersey among Dutch-American settlers and landowners with interests in the West Indies where plantations with large slave populations were common.

In 1778, William Livingston, Governor of New Jersey, freed all of his own slaves, condemning the practice of slavery as "odious and disgraceful." Abolitionist views slowly received a wider hearing and in 1792 an Abolition Society was formed in New Jersey. In 1804 the State passed an "Act for Gradual Abolition of Slavery" which guaranteed freedom to slaves born after this year at a certain age (females at age 21 and males at age 25). Eight years later, echoing the nationwide prohibition of slave trading enacted in 1808, New Jersey finally banned the export of slaves out-of-state. However it was not until 1865, at the conclusion of the Civil War and after passage of the 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, that New Jersey - the last of the northern states to do so - finally made the practice of slavery illegal.

Links to learn more - John Woolman House, Mount Holly; William Trent House, Trenton; Peter Mott House, Lawnside; New Jersey State Archives, Trenton
HM NumberHM29N
Year Placed2004
Placed ByNew Jersey Department of Transportation
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, September 28th, 2014 at 11:51am PDT -07:00
Sorry, but we don't have a picture of this historical marker yet. If you have a picture, please share it with us. It's simple to do. 1) Become a member. 2) Adopt this historical marker listing. 3) Upload the picture.
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18T E 520561 N 4449796
Decimal Degrees40.19831667, -74.75841667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 40° 11.899', W 74° 45.505'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds40° 11' 53.94" N, 74° 45' 30.30" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)609
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1251-1351 NJ-29, Trenton NJ 08611, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

Is this marker missing? Are the coordinates wrong? Do you have additional information that you would like to share with us? If so, check in.

Check Ins  check in   |    all

Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.

Comments 0 comments

Maintenance Issues
  1. Is this marker part of a series?
  2. What historical period does the marker represent?
  3. What historical place does the marker represent?
  4. What type of marker is it?
  5. What class is the marker?
  6. What style is the marker?
  7. Does the marker have a number?
  8. This marker needs at least one picture.
  9. Can this marker be seen from the road?
  10. Is the marker in the median?