Lone Star Canal

Lone Star Canal (HM2A4T)

Location: Anahuac, TX 77514 Chambers County
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Country: United States of America
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N 29° 46.381', W 94° 41.059'

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Berriman Richard Garland (1840-1918), a native of Indiana, saw the need for fresh water for rice crops in east Chambers County. Garland and A. L. Williams began in 1902 acquiring land and constructing this irrigation canal. It started at the mouth of Turtle Bay, now known as Lake Anahuac.
In 1904, "Lone Star Canal Company" was incorporated. E. O. Emerson and Burt H. Collins directed the business in 1906. Sailing vessels anchored next to the warehouse carried the rice to market. In dry seasons, salt water backed into Turtle Bay and into the canal, killing the rice crops. To prevent the damage, the Trinity River Irrigation District formed in 1911 and built a dam and locks at the mouth of the bay. Thomas S. Ellis changed the name to "Anahuac Canal Company" in 1914. After the 1915 hurricane destroyed the dam, pumping plant, and warehouse, the company changed owners several times, closing from 1927-32. In 1932 four men purchased the canal, resumed the name "Lone Star Canal," and reopened operations.
In 1947 the Chambers-Liberty Counties Navigation District purchased the canal. Water is available for industrial as well as agricultural use with the goal of improving the economy of the area.
HM NumberHM2A4T
Year Placed1979
Placed ByTexas Historical Commission
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, August 8th, 2018 at 7:02pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15R E 337171 N 3294822
Decimal Degrees29.77301667, -94.68431667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 29° 46.381', W 94° 41.059'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds29° 46' 22.86" N, 94° 41' 3.5399999999998" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)409
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling West
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 211 TX-61, Anahuac TX 77514, US
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