British Occupation of Dauphin Island

British Occupation of Dauphin Island (HM2AS5)

Location: Dauphin Island, AL 36528 Mobile County
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Country: United States of America
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N 30° 14.935', W 88° 4.578'

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February - April 1815

When British forces arrived at Mobile Bay to assault Fort Bowyer on Mobile Point, half of the British army under the command of Sir John Kean, who was recovering from wounds suffered during the defeat at New Orleans, was landed on Dauphin Island to act as a reserve during operations against the Americans. Two days after the surrender of Fort Bowyer, the British warship, HMS Brazen arrived at Mobile Point with word that the United States and Great Britain had agreed to peace terms at Ghent, Belgium ending the War of 1812. British commanders withdrew their troops from Mobile Point and moved them, along with their American prisoners, to Dauphin Island to await word of the treaty's ratification by the U.S.

British soldiers found Dauphin Island "very barren...and produces nothing at all; no inhabitants remain on it, and is a very marshy nature..." The British also found that the island had an abundance of snakes, alligators, mosquitoes and biting flies. The difficulty of resupply made Dauphin Island, as one British soldier wrote," of the hungriest places that ever a British soldier had his foot in." The troops supplemented their diet with fish, which were " plentiful supply..." and resorted to killing and eating alligators, which one British officer described, "... the meat was white, and the flavor like coarsely-fed


To ease the boredom during their stay on the island, British officers erected a theater named the "Theatre Royal" Isle Dauphine" and produced plays with titles such as "The Apprentice" a "Song by Mr. Steel, and "Prime, Bangup" by Mr. Hill" and "...the most Tragical Tragedys called Crononhotonthologus." When word arrived of the ratification of the Treaty of Ghent in March, British forces began to leave Dauphin Island. On April 5, 1815, the last British troops departed the island and returned to Great Britain.
HM NumberHM2AS5
Series This marker is part of the series, and the series.
Placed ByThe Major Uriah Blue Chapter of Lower Alabama, United States Daughters of 1812, National and State Societies, U.S.D. 1812; the General Society of the War of 1812 in Alabama and the Sons of American Colonists
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, August 25th, 2018 at 2:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16R E 396450 N 3346857
Decimal Degrees30.24891667, -88.07630000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 30° 14.935', W 88° 4.578'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds30° 14' 56.1" N, 88° 4' 34.68" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)251
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling East
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 51 Bienville Blvd, Dauphin Island AL 36528, US
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