Pine Grove Rural Community

Pine Grove Rural Community (HM2BMA)

Location: Sevierville, TN 37863 Sevier County
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Country: United States of America
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N 35° 49.001', W 83° 35.12'

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Pine Grove was once a rural community of sprawling farmlands before it was enveloped by the rapidly expanding vacation city of Pigeon Forge in the early 1980s. The frontier settlement first became known as Fort Wear in the 1780s when Revolutionary War Colonel Samuel Wear constructed a fort in this wilderness. Shiloh Methodist Episcopal Church originated in the very early 1800s, and the community became Shiloh. A small post office was established in the nearby Henderson Springs Resort area in 1858, and the area name was changed to Henderson Springs. Pine Grove was the final name given to this neighborly locale around 1886 when the Pine Grove School was built in the midst of a grove of pine trees at present-day 2246 Parkway, Pigeon Forge, on land donated by Robert A. Montgomery and J.W. Rogers.

In 1898, a few pigeonholes were sufficient for the sparse mail collected at the Customs House in Knoxville for the Henderson Springs post office, in the home of Fayette and Laura (Enloe) Mullendore. By the early 1900s, businesses at Pine Grove included Mitch Nichols' Store, Sam Henderson's grist mill, and Simeon Davenport's furniture shop. Joe Whaley's Store and small grist mill and Willie Ellison's Market came in later years. Prior to about 1914, there were no vehicle bridges in Pine Grove. Horse and buggy travelers had to ford the Little

Pigeon River and Walden's Creek in many different places. Those on foot crossed the river on swinging suspension bridges. The Sevierville Pike that ran through Pine Grove was paved between Sevierville and Gatlinburg during the early 1920s.

Ted Davenport wrote, "[In Pine Grove], a man's worth was judged by his moral standards more than by his financial status." Social life here consisted of neighbors congregating daily at the Mitch Nichols store, telling tales and discussing all matters relative to this community, the state, and nation. Folks enjoyed spelling bees, school plays and pie suppers - where often a suitor would bid on his best girl's pie, while pranksters pooled their money and tried to out-bid him for it. On Saturday afternoons and holidays, residents dropped their work for baseball games at the Lynn W. Catlett farm (later known as Caton Bottoms) or the Charlie Henderson farm. They also enjoyed basketball, football, horseshoe pitching, marble shooting, top spinning, swimming, and fishing. On Halloween, farmers found their plows hanging from trees, their privies overturned, and wagons hidden. William R. Montgomery, born and reared in the Pine Grove Community, owned and edited The Montgomery Vindicator, Sevier County's voice in the early 1900s. Community historians say, "The highlight of the paper was its stinging editorials," and that the paper reflected the politics of a "rock-ribbed" Republican county.

Pine Grove community began to decline when the Shiloh Methodist Church congregation removed their historic church building around 1928. Services were held at Pine Grove School until the church disbanded a short time later. It continued to decline around the 1930s with the closures of Henderson Springs Resort and Mitch Nichols' store. Sam Henderson's grist mill ceased operations in the 1930s, and Pine Grove School dwindled to a one-room school. Kind Mrs. Lela Gobble was the teacher when it closed in 1947.

Shiloh Methodist Episcopal Church meeting house was originally a frontier log building used for church and school. It stood among the gray weathered gravestones of Shiloh Memorial Cemetery as a place of joy and divine communion. Its bell still calls families to worship from the belfry at Henderson Chapel Baptist Church. Renowned circuit-riding minister, Bishop Francis Asbury, first addressed the congregation here on October 20, 1808.

Members of the Baptist Church of Sevierville began meeting at Henderson's Chalybeate Springs in November 1856 to escape the dangers of the Civil War and to establish a new church, the United Baptist Church of Christ (currently Henderson Chapel Baptist). The congregation met infrequently at various locations until a log church house was built around 1871 near Henderson Springs Resort. A wood frame building replaced the log structure as membership grew. Around 1890 the structure was razed and the lumber hauled in wagons to this site. As a little boy, George F. Sharp rode on the wagon coupling pole, splashing his feet through water crossings. William A. and wife Rebecca McClure Henderson deeded the land on November 24, 1914, a few years after the building was constructed. Henderson Chapel Baptist Church, though rebuilt, renovated, and expanded, still stands with those transported boards intact. Historians say that this church and Shiloh United Methodist "contributed to the stability, morality and spiritual well-being of the people of that once closely-knit community," and that Henderson Chapel Baptist continues to minister to "those in need of human love, Christian fellowship and spiritual comfort."

At first, Henderson Chapel Church had no classrooms, so classes assembled in separate groups in the sanctuary. Aunt Priscilla Catlett was remembered as a devout Christian and a guardian angel to her Sunday school pupils who came dressed in their Sunday-best. Following church revivals, baptizing services were held at the Pine Grove swimming hole (near where the Sam Henderson Mill once stood) between present-day 303 and 404 Henderson Chapel Road. Standing at the sandbar, the congregation opened these special services with hymns such as "O Happy Day, When Jesus Washed My Sins Away." Mr. Columbus Ownby and others led week-long singing schools that were sponsored jointly by the local churches after crops were laid by.

These pastors have served at Henderson Chapel Baptist Church: Asa M. Layman, Robert H. Blair, A.C. Catlett, John Russell, W.C. McPherson, J.M. Bull, H.B. Clapp, James H. Coker, S.C. Atchley, M.C. Atchley, A.R. Pedigo, D.R. Mullendore, W.W. Bailey, Roscoe E. Rule, Ben P. Roach, R.E. Corum, S.M. McCarter, J.D. Barbee, Jake Sharp, Jonas Hodge, Joel Carr, James F. Womack, Roy Arwood, Floyd A. Folden, Raymond McCarter, E.C. Sisk, T. Lee Owenby, Charles Johnson, Andy Ball, Ben Webb, Jack Bailey, Hudson B. Chesteen, Dwayne White, Creed McCoy, William Maples, Tom Compton, and Rick Loveday.

Pictured are the older classes at Pine Grove School around 1912 with the teacher, Mrs. Anah Ogle Seaton. Students include: Fred King, Cora Saultz, Winton Davis, Winnie Nichols, Helen Enloe, Mattie Ownby, Charlie Seaton, Lucy Rambo, Ina Wear, Mollie Franklin, Winfred Seaton, Audra Wear, Luna Enloe, Jennie Large, Mayme Clabo, Frank Davis, Willie Wear, Ollie Ownby, Dewey Carnes, Pink Ownby, Joe Andes, Sam King, Ralph Enloe, unknown, and Wallace Vance. Before 1930, school enrollment was seventy-five, including those from nearby communities. Two teachers taught in the two-room school heated by a wood-burning stove. Water was supplied by a manually operated pump in the schoolyard. "His" and "Hers" privies were down the hill from the schoolhouse. Brothers and sisters walked to school, carrying lunches packed in one single basket for the entire family. The five-month school term was held in the spring and fall, with three months of private school in winter. At recess, boys played "The Fox Chase" game, in which one was the fox, leaving traces of corn or bits of paper for a trail, while classmates were the dogs running the chase. Girls built playhouses with rock-lined walkways, lush green mosses, and twigs of greenery.
Year Placed2018
Placed ByCity of Pigeon Forge
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, September 24th, 2018 at 11:02am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 266426 N 3966701
Decimal Degrees35.81668333, -83.58533333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 35° 49.001', W 83° 35.12'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds35° 49' 0.05999999999986" N, 83° 35' 7.1999999999998" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)865
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 408 Henderson Rd, Sevierville TN 37863, US
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