Camp Douglas

Camp Douglas (HM2CDJ)

Location: Chicago, IL 60616 Cook County
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Country: United States of America
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N 41° 50.114', W 87° 37.054'

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Inscription
Named in honor of the late Illinois Senator Stephen A. Douglas, Camp Douglas, established in 1861, was the earliest and largest Union military camp in the Chicago area. The camp stretched from 31st Street to 33rd Place and from Cottage Grove Avenue to the east to South Giles Avenue to the west. Planned as one of the largest Union training camps, it was one of the few camps in the North to train African-American soldiers. More than 40,000 Union soldiers and approximately 30,000 Confederate prisoners were housed here during the Civil War.
Ill-designed and inadequate as a containment site for Confederate Army prisoners of war, Camp Douglas was remembered by survivors for its poor living conditions, overcrowding, inadequate medical treatment, bitter weather conditions, and a shortage of food. These factors gave rise to the high mortality rate among the Confederates imprisoned here.
While the precise number of prisoners who died at Camp Douglas is unknown, there are up to 6,000 Confederates buried in historic Oak Woods Cemetery at 1035 E. 67th Street. Historians debate reports of a prisoner breakout plot and plan to seize Chicago for the Confederacy. Camp Douglas was closed by November 1865.
Details
HM NumberHM2CDJ
Tags
Year Placed2014
Placed ByThe Camp Douglas Restoration Foundation, Alderman Robert Fioretti, Chicago Civil War Round Table, Salt Creek Civil War Round Table, Thornton Township Historical Society, and The Illinois State Historical Society
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, October 16th, 2018 at 2:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16T E 448722 N 4631666
Decimal Degrees41.83523333, -87.61756667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 41° 50.114', W 87° 37.054'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds41° 50' 6.8399999999998" N, 87° 37' 3.2400000000001" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)312, 773, 630
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 3248 S King Dr, Chicago IL 60616, US
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