City of Dayton

City of Dayton (HM2E35)

Location: Dayton, WA 99328 Columbia County
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Country: United States of America
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N 46° 19.253', W 117° 58.7'

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Early History

Columbia County Courthouse: 1887Washington's Oldest Courthouse.
Construction of the Territorial Courthouse was completed two years before Washington became a state in 1889.

Designed by local architect W.H. Burrows, the courthouse was built using Dexter brick and colossal timbers of fir and pine hauled from the Blue Mountains by oxcart.
Interest in the county's rich history spurred a decade of citizen effort to save the building. Restoration was completed in 1993.

Decorative elements including the cupola, statuary and ornamental stucco (removed 1930-1950) were restored. Iron railings are original; American eagles and blind justices are vintage but not original.

BeginningsDayton's townsite is on an ancient trade corridor known as the Celilo Falls or Nez Perce Trail.

Lewis and Clark's Corps of Discovery passed through the heart of Dayton near where you are standing on their return from the Pacific Ocean May 2, 1806.

European settlers left the area during Indian skirmishes (1855-1858). Stockman Jesse N. Day homesteaded west of town in 1859, then founded Dayton in 1871
Despite five devastating fires in the late 1800's, Dayton flourished due to logging and farming booms. Agriculture sustained the community through the Great Depression of

the 1930's and remains its lifeblood today.

Dayton Historic Depot: 1881Oldest existing railroad station in Washington.

Dayton SchoolsEastern Washington's first public "graded" school was established here in 1880. Dayton High School (1881) was the first public high school in Washington State.

Historic BuildingsMany homes and commercial buildings, the railroad depot and courthouse are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Columbia County Courthouse Restoration Committee · 2004
HM NumberHM2E35
Year Placed2004
Placed ByColumbia County Courthouse Restoration Committee
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, February 4th, 2019 at 1:02pm PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)11T E 424684 N 5130165
Decimal Degrees46.32088333, -117.97833333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 46° 19.253', W 117° 58.7'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds46° 19' 15.18" N, 117° 58' 42" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)509
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling West
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 352 E Main St, Dayton WA 99328, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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