Mackinaw City Railroad Dock / USCG Cutter Mackinaw WAGB 83

Mackinaw City Railroad Dock / USCG Cutter Mackinaw WAGB 83 (HM2FCL)

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N 45° 46.776', W 84° 43.542'

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Inscription
Mackinaw City Railroad Dock (side 1, marker #707)
Before the Mackinac Bridge opened in 1957, ships were the only means of connecting Michigan's peninsulas. During the 1870s, small sailing vessels served as ferries. Steamboats took over when the Michigan Central Railroad reached Mackinaw in 1881. The creation of the railroad car ferry system and the construction of this dock and one like it in St. Ignace enabled ferries to shuttle rail cars across the Straits of Mackinac year-round. The A-frame adjusted the height of the tracks to match the decks of the ships. Upper Peninsula copper and iron ore were the main cargo. The ice-breaking ferry Chief Wawatam was unique for loading cars through the bow. It ceased operations in 1984 and the tracks were removed in 1991.
USCG Cutter Mackinaw WAGB 83 (side 2, marker #708)
Built in 1944 at a cost of $10 million, U.S. Coast Guard cutter Mackinaw had six ten-cylinder engines that enabled it to cut through several feet of lake ice. The powerful steel icebreaker was commissioned during World War II to aid year round navigation so freighters could carry raw materials for war production. For sixty-two years Mackinaw left its home port of Cheboygan to open or extend the navigation season, clear the shipping



lanes, or free vessels that were stuck in the ice. Mackinaw was unsurpassed in size and capability among icebreakers. When the coast guard decommissioned the vessel in 2006, it was moved to Mackinaw City and given to the Icebreaker Mackinaw Maritime Museum.
Michigan Historical Commission - Michigan Historical CenterRegistered State Site No. 707 & No. 708, 2008This marker is the property of the state of Michigan.
Details
HM NumberHM2FCL
Tags
Year Placed2008
Placed ByMichigan Historical Commission - Michigan Historical Center
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, April 3rd, 2019 at 8:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16T E 676801 N 5072075
Decimal Degrees45.77960000, -84.72570000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 45° 46.776', W 84° 43.542'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds45° 46' 46.56" N, 84° 43' 32.52" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near , ,
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