Booker T. Washington

Booker T. Washington (HM2G2Q)

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N 39° 46.611', W 86° 9.555'

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(April 5, 1856 - November 14, 1915)

Booker Taliaferro Washington was born into slavery and emancipated after the Civil War. He became a teacher, leader of what today is known as Tuskegee University, best-selling author and social activist. From 1890 - 1915, he stood as a dominant figure among African-Americans. Famous in part for an address he delivered, which many African-Americans saw as accommodating segregation rather than opposing it, he bestrode the line between slavery and freedom as one of the last African-American leaders who were emancipated rather than freeborn. His nationwide network of support aided his ceaseless effort to broaden educational opportunities for African-Americans. When he died in 1915, he had built Tuskegee Institute into a thriving institution and furthered the cause of education for African-Americans in the South.

Washington and his family were freed from slavery at the end of the Civil War. He became a houseboy to a wealthy industrialist whose wife encouraged Washington to get an education.

After graduating from seminary in Washington, D.C., Washington taught at Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute in Virginia.

Watershed Moment

Booker T. Washington was born into slavery, emancipated as a child and became a national spokesperson for African-Americans.

At 25, he became the first principal of the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute in Alabama which opened on July 4, 1881, and he remained head of the school until his death in 1915.

Washington delivered his Atlanta Exhibition address to a largely white audience and stated that economic equality was more important than social equality.

Washington delivered his Atlanta Exhibition address to a largely white audience and stated that economic equality was more important than social equality.

In an effort to promote African-Americans' commercial, agricultural, educational and industrial advancement, Washington founded the National Negro Business League (NNBL).

Washington's autobiography, Up From Slavery, was published and became a best seller. Its popularity led to an invitation to the White House by President Theodore Roosevelt, making hi the landmark's first African-American visitor.
HM NumberHM2G2Q
Placed ByCultural Trail Indianapolis
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, April 27th, 2019 at 11:01am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 571999 N 4403328
Decimal Degrees39.77685000, -86.15925000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 46.611', W 86° 9.555'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 46' 36.66" N, 86° 9' 33.3" W
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