Deaths of Two Generals

Deaths of Two Generals (HM2G9)

Location: York, MD 17401 York County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 28.231', W 77° 37.043'

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"Hallo, Sam, I'm dead!"

— Antietam Campaign 1862 —

The fight for Fox's Gap on September 14, 1862, claimed the lives of two generals, one from each side. Confederate Gen. Samuel Garland, a Lynchburg, Virginia native, attended the Virginia Military Institute at Lexington and later obtained his law degree. Married in 1856, he suffered tragedy early in the war when both his wife and four-year-old son died in an influenza epidemic. Grief-stricken, he left Lynchburg as captain of the Lynchburg Home Guard, excelled during the Peninsula Campaign and Seven Days' Battles, and soon attained general's rank. Charged with defending Fox's Gap, he fell mortally wounded by a bullet through his chest while rallying his men about ? of a mile south of here.

As evening fell and the Confederates fell back through the gap and off to the north, Union Gen. Jesse L. Reno rode by here and into the field across from Wise's cabin to investigate what he believed was a delay in the push for Turner's Gap. Just then, Gen. John Bell Hood's Texans arrived on the field and fired the final Confederate volley, mortally wounding Reno. Carried on a stretcher to his friend Gen. Samuel D. Sturgis's headquarters, Reno called to him, "Hallo, Sam, I'm dead!" A few minutes later he died, the first Union Corps commander killed during the war. His monument is the second oldest one erected for the Maryland Campaign.
HM NumberHM2G9
Series This marker is part of the Maryland Civil War Trails series
Placed ByMaryland Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, October 1st, 2014 at 1:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 274849 N 4372262
Decimal Degrees39.47051667, -77.61738333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 28.231', W 77° 37.043'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 28' 13.86" N, 77° 37' 2.58" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)717
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1-37 Appalachian Trail, York MD 17401, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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