Battle of Middleburg/Mt. DeﬁanceThe stone home beside you, built in stages beginning in the mid-18th century, was like many buildings in this section of Virginia—old by 1863 (the oldest part facing the turnpike). It was owned then by the Barton family—Maryland residents not present in June 1863. At one time a tavern, Mt. Defiance had prospered from its location along the Ashby's Gap Turnpike (today's Route 50), the closest (eastbound) lanes behind you being that original turnpike. A cluster of turnpikes, including the Little River Turnpike from Aldie east, the Millwood Turnpike from the Shenandoah River west, and Ashby's Gap Turnpike passing here and to the Blue Ridge, jointly connected the seaport of Alexandria to the key northern Shenandoah Valley city of Winchester. Middleburg, a mile east, sat as a middle waypoint on this highway. The small metropolis of a wealthy region raising grain, cattle, and especially horses, with a large enslaved population, Middleburg voted 115-0 for secession in May 1861. The handsome town saw much of the war that followed. Hundreds of wounded filled its churches after Second Manassas. John Singleton Mosby's Confederate guerilla operations, based in the surrounding Loudoun Valley starting in January 1863, would result in Federal cavalry incursions through town on a regular basis.
|Placed By||NOVA Parks|
|Marker Condition||No reports yet|
|Date Added||Monday, June 3rd, 2019 at 11:02am PDT -07:00|
|UTM (WGS84 Datum)||18S E 260674 N 4316842|
|Decimal Degrees||38.96788333, -77.76236667|
|Degrees and Decimal Minutes||N 38° 58.073', W 77° 45.742'|
|Degrees, Minutes and Seconds||38° 58' 4.38" N, 77° 45' 44.52" W|
|Driving Directions||Google Maps|
|Which side of the road?||Marker is on the right when traveling East|
|Closest Postal Address||At or near , ,|
|Alternative Maps||Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap|
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