Houston's First Sit-in

Houston's First Sit-in (HM2LK7)

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N 29° 43.899', W 95° 22.552'

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From 1896 until the 1960s in the southern United States, Jim Crow laws effectively banned African Americans from using public facilities and basic services that were used by whites. In March 1960, thirteen students from Texas Southern University (TSU) started a non-violent movement protesting these laws and changed Houston forever. These young architects of change formed the Progressive Youth Association (PYA), meeting at the south central YMCA or in their apartments to plan strategies. These "war room" meetings are where they organized Houston's first sit-in. On March 4, 1960, the thirteen students met at a flagpole on TSU's campus and marched in pairs one mile to Weingarten's Supermarket (4110 Almeda Road) with the objective of being served at the lunch counter. Dozens more joined them as they marched, singing black spirituals. Though white employees refused to serve the students and patrons hurled insults at them, they sat there silently for hours, occupying all 30 counter stools in shifts. More sit-ins occurred over the following days and weeks. The sit-in at Weingarten's Supermarket was the first in a series of non-violent demonstrations leading to the peaceful end of segregation in public places. Houston's lunch counters quietly desegregated on August 25, 1960. Department stores, hotels and restaurants soon

followed, and Houston's Astrodome opened in 1965 as an integrated facility. The sit-ins ended with the signing of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. Today, these thirteen unsung heroes are remembered for starting a movement that advanced civil rights and equality in Houston. Marker is property of the State of Texas
HM NumberHM2LK7
Year Placed2009
Placed ByTexas Historical Commission
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, October 6th, 2019 at 11:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15R E 270205 N 3291414
Decimal Degrees29.73165000, -95.37586667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 29° 43.899', W 95° 22.552'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds29° 43' 53.94" N, 95° 22' 33.12" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near , ,
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