Anchors and their retrieval / Capstan for pulling up the anchor

Anchors and their retrieval / Capstan for pulling up the anchor (HM2LWV)

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N 45° 47.15', W 84° 43.556'

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Mackinaw City Historical Pathway

Anchors and their retrieval
Functions of an anchor

  1. gain a hold on the bottom

  2. provide sufficient power to keep the boat from dragging away

  3. maintain its hold in changing wind conditions


The anchor in this park consists of a long steel shank with a cross-arm near the top called a stock. At the bottom of the shank are two arms positioned perpendicular to the stock and tipped with pointed flukes. When the anchor is dropped into the lake, the stock falls flat. This assures that one of the flukes is pointed into the bottom, giving it a good chance to dig in.

This massive anchor is good for all types of lake bottoms: rock, mud, or sand. The disadvantages are: it is unwieldy, difficult to stow on deck, and prone to fouling when wind and current change.

Although this type of anchor was used for centuries, we seldom see it used today. Today's stockless anchor has less holding power per weight but is far easier to use.

Originally this anchor had a wooden stock but the wood rotted away. Someone valued the steel portion of the anchor and added a new, more durable stock. This anchor was donated to Mackinaw City by Dick Moehl.

Capstan for pulling up the anchor
The capstan in this park is the remnant of a vital piece of equipment



used to haul in a heavy anchor. It is a hand-pushed vertical winch.

The anchor line, whether rope or chain, was wound around the barrel until it caught on itself. Then men walked around the barrel pushing wooden levers to pull the line and anchor up to the deck. The wooden levers were removable and the numerous pigeonholes allowed for the assignment of the appropriate number of men based on the difficulty of the work.

Gearing below deck could be set so the capstan could not slip back.
Details
HM NumberHM2LWV
Tags
Year Placed2014
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, October 16th, 2019 at 11:02am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16T E 676763 N 5072767
Decimal Degrees45.78583333, -84.72593333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 45° 47.15', W 84° 43.556'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds45° 47' 8.9999999999999" N, 84° 43' 33.36" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near , ,
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