Freedman's Village

Freedman's Village (HM2ZI)

Location: Arlington, VA 22204 Arlington County
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Country: United States of America
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N 38° 52.125', W 77° 4.257'

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A New Home for African Americans

During the Civil War, many escaped and freed slaves traveled north seeking refuge in Union camps. Thousands crowded into the Federal City. The number of refugees quickly overwhelmed the area's resources. Overcrowding and disease became prevalent. In response to the unhealthy, crowded conditions that developed in and around the District of Columbia, the federal government selected in May 1863 a site on Arlington Heights to build housing for the freed slaves.
A planned community was envisioned that would provide freed slaves with clean housing and opportunities for work, job training and education. Known as the Freedman's Village, the community was located on a portion of the Custis/Lee Plantation, which later became Arlington National Cemetery. The village was constructed rather quickly and formally dedicated December 4, 1863. It became a model for other such communities. Eventually more than 50 two-story duplex houses, two churches, a school, a meeting hall, a hospital and a home for the aged and infirm were built around a central green space. In time, the village's population exceeded 1,000. Though the village was intended to be temporary, residents stayed until the late 1890s. By 1898, Freedman's Village officially was closed. Its residents were asked to relocate and were offered parcels of land and monetary incentives. Many remained in the Arlington area and developed their own communities, such as Arlington View, Nauck and Queen City, among others.
HM NumberHM2ZI
Series This marker is part of the Virginia Civil War Trails series
Placed ByVirginia Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, October 8th, 2014 at 7:31am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 320333 N 4304249
Decimal Degrees38.86875000, -77.07095000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 52.125', W 77° 4.257'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 52' 7.50" N, 77° 4' 15.42" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)703
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1301 S Southgate Rd, Arlington VA 22204, US
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