Union Headquarters

Union Headquarters (HM3LD)

Location: Locust Grove, VA 22508 Orange County
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Country: United States of America
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N 38° 19.147', W 77° 43.884'

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The Battle of the Wilderness

Ellwood stood in the midst of the Wilderness, a dark, forbidding forest characterized by stunted trees and densely tangled undergrowth. When the Confederates challenged General Ulysses S. Grant's advance through the Wilderness on May 5, 1864, the Union commander made his headquarters just a few hundred yards north of here, along the Orange Turnpike (modern Route 20). For the next three days Ellwood, a quiet farm in a desolate region, suddenly found itself the center of national attention.

Union Fifth Corps commander Gouverneur K. Warren occupied the first-floor to the left of the front door throughout the battle. Here, on the evening of May 5, he received reports of staggering casualties from his chief surgeon. "It will never do to make a showing of such heavy losses," he observed. The bloodshed was just beginning. By the time the Army of the Potomac reached the James River, six weeks later, it had incurred more than 60,000 casualties.
HM NumberHM3LD
Placed ByFredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Historical Park, National Park Service
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, September 15th, 2014 at 12:17pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 261212 N 4244753
Decimal Degrees38.31911667, -77.73140000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 19.147', W 77° 43.884'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 19' 8.82" N, 77° 43' 53.04" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)540
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 36420-36498 VA-20, Locust Grove VA 22508, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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