Mary "Molly" Hays

Mary "Molly" Hays (HM3N0)

Location: Manalapan Township, NJ 07726 Monmouth County
Buy New Jersey State flags at!
Country: United States of America
Buy United States of America flags at!

N 40° 16.856', W 74° 19.012'

  • 0 check ins
  • 0 favorites
"You girls should have been with me at the battle of Monmouth and learned how to load a cannon." - Mary Hays Mcaary to Susan Hackendorn, c. 1830

As the temperature approached 100 degrees, and gunners collapsed from heat exhaustion, a plucky Irish water carrier stepped forward to help work Captain Francis Proctor's cannon. Memories of her heroism evolved into myth of "Molly Pitcher."

When the British infantry pursued General Scott's Continentals across the Sutfin farm, they were stopped by a barrage of canister and grapeshot. Most of the Continental artillery then switched to other targets, leaving Captain Proctor to bombard the battalion of Royal Highlanders pinned down in Derick Sutfin's cider orchard.

Private Joseph Martin, described watching, as " A woman?attended with her husband at the piece the whole time. While in the act of reaching a cartridge and having one of her feet as far before the other as she could step, a cannon shot from the enemy passed directly between her legs without doing any other damage than carrying away all the lower part of her petticoat. Looking at it with apparent unconcern, she?continued her occupation."

The woman was Mary Hays, wife of William Hays, Gunner, Captain Francis Proctor's company of the Pennsylvania or 4th Continental Artillery Regiment. After the war, the Hayses settled in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, where, after outliving two husbands Molly died in 1832.
HM NumberHM3N0
Placed ByDepartment of Environmental Protection
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, September 13th, 2014 at 12:31pm PDT -07:00
Sorry, but we don't have a picture of this historical marker yet. If you have a picture, please share it with us. It's simple to do. 1) Become a member. 2) Adopt this historical marker listing. 3) Upload the picture.
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18T E 558072 N 4459162
Decimal Degrees40.28093333, -74.31686667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 40° 16.856', W 74° 19.012'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds40° 16' 51.36" N, 74° 19' 0.72" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)732, 848, 908
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 21 History Hike (Monmouth Battlefield), Manalapan Township NJ 07726, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

Is this marker missing? Are the coordinates wrong? Do you have additional information that you would like to share with us? If so, check in.

Check Ins  check in   |    all

Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.

Comments 0 comments

Maintenance Issues
  1. Is this marker part of a series?
  2. What historical period does the marker represent?
  3. What historical place does the marker represent?
  4. What type of marker is it?
  5. What class is the marker?
  6. What style is the marker?
  7. Does the marker have a number?
  8. What year was the marker erected?
  9. This marker needs at least one picture.
  10. Can this marker be seen from the road?
  11. Is the marker in the median?