Fairfax (HM3OY)

Location: Fairfax, VA 22030
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Country: United States of America
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N 38° 50.679', W 77° 18.03'

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Spies, Mosby and Marr

On June 1. 1861, the first major skirmish of the Civil War occurred on the main street of Fairfax Court House. In the pre-dawn hours 50 men of Co. B, Second U.S. Cavalry, led by Lt. Charles H. Tomkins, rode into town firing their weapons. As Capt. John Quincy Marr, commander of the Warrenton Rifles, rallied his men against the Union attack, he was killed by a stray bullet—becoming the first Confederate officer to die in the war.

On March 9, 1863, Confederate Col. JohnS. Mosby and 29 of his rangers entered Fairfaxand captured Union Gen. Edwin Stoughton whilehe slept at the Gunnell house. In this daringraid, Mosby also captured two captains, 30 privates and 58 horses. Learning of Stoughton'scapture, President Abraham Lincoln remarked,"I don't care so much about the loss of the general, as I can make another with the stroke of apen . . . but I sure hate to lose those horses."

During the early years of the war, Fairfaxresident Antonia Ford charmed soldiers fromNorth and South with her beauty and conversation. Impressed with her ability to recall detailsfrom those conversations, Confederate Gen. J.E.B. Stuart presented her with a written commission "as my honorary aide-de-camp." During a search of the Ford home, following Mosby's 1863 raid, Union officials discovered the commission and she was incarcerated as a Confederate spy in Old Capital Prison in Washington, D.C. While in prison Antonia stole the heart of Union Maj. Joseph C. Willard, who arranged her release from prison. They were later wed.
HM NumberHM3OY
Series This marker is part of the Virginia Civil War Trails series
Placed ByCivil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, September 3rd, 2014 at 10:21pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 300349 N 4302052
Decimal Degrees38.84465000, -77.30050000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 50.679', W 77° 18.03'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 50' 40.74" N, 77° 18' 1.80" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)703, 571
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 10209 Main Street, Fairfax VA 22030, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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