Haymarket During the War

Haymarket During the War (HM4RJ)

Location: Haymarket, VA 20169 Prince William County
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Country: United States of America
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N 38° 48.737', W 77° 38.231'

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Civilian Hardships

Throughout the Civil War, Haymarket and its residents endured the consequences of occupying an important geographical location. Marching armiespassed through the town during the First and Second Battles of Manassas,the engagement at Thoroughfare Gap, the "Buckland Races," and numerousother cavalry engagements. Confederate Gens. Robert E. Lee, Thomas J."Stonewall" Jackson, James Longstreet, J.E.B. Stuart, Joseph E. Johnston, and P.G.T. Beauregard, as well as U.S. Gens. George D. Bayard, James B.Ricketts, Henry E. Davies, and George A. Custer, all passed through here.Many young local men joined the Confederate cause, serving in the 8th and17th Virginia Infantry Regiments. St. Paul's Episcopal Church (built in1802) was used as a hospital after the First and Second Battles of Manassas, as well as during the measles epidemic that swept through the Confederatecamps, west of the Mantissas Battlefield, in the Autumn of 1861.

At midnight on November 5, 1862, a few days after Confederatebushwhackers fired on U.S. troops nearby, Federals under Gen. Adolph von Steinwehr burned the entire village.Only the McCormick house remainedintact, and St. Paul's Church was amere shell. More than 120 homelesstownspeople took refuge at the churchand nearby farms. Many residentsleft Haymarket for good. Of thosewho remained, one later wrote, "We endured cold and hardships but man aged to live through it and each year continued to improve our homes." By the late 1860s, many new houses had been built. St. Paul's Church had been reconstructed within the original walls, and the town was reborn.
HM NumberHM4RJ
Series This marker is part of the Virginia Civil War Trails series
Placed ByCivil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, September 28th, 2014 at 4:43pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 271022 N 4299249
Decimal Degrees38.81228333, -77.63718333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 48.737', W 77° 38.231'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 48' 44.22" N, 77° 38' 13.86" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)703, 571
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 15025 Washington St, Haymarket VA 20169, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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