A River of Settlers

A River of Settlers (HM7XY)

Location: Vancouver, WA 98660 Clark County
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Country: United States of America
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N 45° 37.194', W 122° 40.089'

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Before 1846 American immigrants traveling the Oregon Trail to Fort Vancouver had to make a choice at The Dalles (80 miles upriver from here). They could navigate their own handmade raft or take a Hudson's Bay Company boat down the Columbia River to here. Many travelers chose to complete these last 80 miles on a Company boat.

Fort Vancouver's manager, Chief Factor John McLoughlin, generously offered food, supplies, and medical treatment to the weary Americans when they arrived here. He then directed them to settle south of the Columbia River in the Willamette Valley. The Company hoped that by discouraging settlement north of the Columbia River, the river would become the international boundary between the United States and British North America. The plan failed.

[Map of the two route options available to Oregon Trail travelers from The Dalles is included with the following caption]:
After 1846 immigrants took either a land or water route from The Dalles to Fort Vancouver. Eventually, the arrival of many thousands of new American settlers helped to tip the balance in favor of the United States' boundary claims.
HM NumberHM7XY
Series This marker is part of the Oregon Trail series
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, September 12th, 2014 at 10:21am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)10T E 525871 N 5051870
Decimal Degrees45.61990000, -122.66815000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 45° 37.194', W 122° 40.089'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds45° 37' 11.64" N, 122° 40' 5.34" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)360
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 106-168 SE Columbia Way, Vancouver WA 98660, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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