The Army of Tennessee

The Army of Tennessee (HM8IN)

Location: LaFayette, GA 30728 Walker County
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Country: United States of America
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N 34° 42.52', W 85° 16.863'

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Late in August, 1863, the Army of the Cumberland (US), Maj. Gen. Wm. B. Rosecrans, USA, crossed the Tennessee River near Bridgeport and threatened Chattanooga. On Sept. 7th, learning that Rosecrans was moving toward his rear in the direction of Rome (42 miles S), Gen. Braxton Bragg, CSA, withdrew his Army of Tennessee (CS) from Chattanooga to this vicinity, with headquarters in LaFayette, to meet the Union advance when it crossed Lookout Mountain.

Deciding that Bragg was retreating via Ringgold (21 miles NE) and Summerville (18 miles S), Rosecrans divided his army to pursue both columns and to strike at Bragg's flanks. Thomas' 14th Corps moved through Stevens' Gap into McLemore's Cove, west of LaFayette; McCook's 20th Corps toward Summerville; Crittenden's 21st Corps toward Ringgold. By the 12th, when Rosecrans realized his error, his flanks were widely separated, leaving Thomas alone in front of Bragg's whole army. Although a hasty reconcentration was begun, it was not completed until the night of September 17th.

In the meantime, an effort by Bragg to crush Thomas and Crittenden in turn failed for want of strong leadership. This failure forced Bragg to fight Rosecrans' reassembled army near West Chickamauga Creek (15 miles N) on the 19th and 20th. Although Bragg won the Battle of Chickamauga, it required two days of desperate fighting, during which his losses almost nullified his victory.
HM NumberHM8IN
Series This marker is part of the Georgia: Georgia Historical Society/Commission series
Marker Number146-13
Year Placed1957
Placed ByGeorgia Historical Commission
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, October 27th, 2014 at 12:34am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 657419 N 3842080
Decimal Degrees34.70866667, -85.28105000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 34° 42.52', W 85° 16.863'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds34° 42' 31.20" N, 85° 16' 51.78" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)706
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 310 GA-1 Business, LaFayette GA 30728, US
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