Defense of Culp's Hill

Defense of Culp's Hill (HM955)

Location: Gettysburg, PA 17325 Adams County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 49.191', W 77° 13.214'

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July 2, 1863 - Second Day

"As soon as we were in position, we began to intrench ourselves and throw up breastworks...."
Brig. Gen. George S. Greene, U.S.A.
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, Twelfth Corps

On the morning of July 2, the task of defending the Union right flank on Culp's Hill fell to Brig. Gen. George S. Greene. A civil engineer, Greene built breastworks as high as five feet using logs, cord-wood, stones, and earth.

That evening, when several Union brigades on Culp's Hill were ordered south, Greene's lone brigade of 1,400 New Yorkers manned the trenches. Moments seemed like "hours of agony" to a captain in the 149th New York. "The pale faces, starting eye-balls, and nervous hands grasping loaded muskets, told how terrible were those moments of suspense." Beginning at dusk, Confederates of Ewell's Corps stormed the breastworks repeatedly until after midnight, but with heavy losses and no success.

At dawn on the 3rd, the bitter struggle for Culp's Hill resumed. Federal officers rotated the men in the trenches so they could replenish ammunition and clean muskets. Despite the valiant efforts of the Southerners, the Union line held firm. By midday, the Confederates had withdrawn.
HM NumberHM955
Placed ByGettysburg National Military Park
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, October 17th, 2014 at 11:02am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 309975 N 4410120
Decimal Degrees39.81985000, -77.22023333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 49.191', W 77° 13.214'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 49' 11.46" N, 77° 13' 12.84" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)717
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1575 Culps Hill, Gettysburg PA 17325, US
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