Swift Creek Battlefield: A Landscape of Change

Swift Creek Battlefield: A Landscape of Change (HM9I3)

Location: Colonial Heights, VA 23834
Buy Virginia State flags at Flagstore.com!
Country: United States of America
Buy United States of America flags at Flagstore.com!

N 37° 17.211', W 77° 24.679'

  • 0 check ins
  • 0 favorites
The Bermuda Hundred Campaign began on May 5, 1864, when Union General Benjamin Butler and the 33,000-man Army of the James landed at Bermuda Hundred nine miles northeast of here. General Butler's westward advance threatened Drewry's Bluff and Richmond to the north and Petersburg to the south.

"The Confederates came on in splendid style with the peculiar "Rebel Yell" till within forty yards of our line when our crushing volley swept them over the brow of the hill and across the creek....It was a gallant charge and a bloody repulse."
-General Charles A. Heckman

By May 9, 1864, Swift Creek, located just south of here, became the center of operations. Part of Butler's army arrived near Arrowfield Church (north of Swift Creek) and deployed on this ridge astride the railroad and turnpike by afternoon. Confederate infantry, commanded by General Johnson Hagood, blocked Butler's route.

Angered by contradictory orders and the danger to two regiments under his command, Hagood sent in the 21st South Carolina to support the heavily engaged troops north of Swift Creek, near Arrowfield Church. The Confederate advance, known as "Hagood's Charge," collided with Union soldiers of Charles Heckman's Brigade. Heckman's men stood firm and repulsed the South Carolinians, inflicting approximately 140 casualties while suffering only about 60.

During the night, there were small skirmishes. The next day Confederate scouts were surprised to find that the Union army had withdrawn. The battle, known as "Swift Creek" or "Arrowfield Church," ended in a clear tactical victory for Butler's men. Strategically however, it was a defeat. The Union army's failure to cross Swift Creek temporarily ensured the safety of Petersburg. The action of May 9 was the first and last time that a battle was fought within and around the boundaries of Swift Creek.
HM NumberHM9I3
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, September 19th, 2014 at 3:29am PDT -07:00
Sorry, but we don't have a picture of this historical marker yet. If you have a picture, please share it with us. It's simple to do. 1) Become a member. 2) Adopt this historical marker listing. 3) Upload the picture.
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 286242 N 4129420
Decimal Degrees37.28685000, -77.41131667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 17.211', W 77° 24.679'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 17' 12.66" N, 77° 24' 40.74" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)804
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 17153-17199 Jefferson Davis Hwy, Colonial Heights VA 23834, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

Is this marker missing? Are the coordinates wrong? Do you have additional information that you would like to share with us? If so, check in.

Nearby Markersshow on map
Check Ins  check in   |    all

Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.

Comments 0 comments

Maintenance Issues
  1. Is this marker part of a series?
  2. What historical period does the marker represent?
  3. What historical place does the marker represent?
  4. What type of marker is it?
  5. What class is the marker?
  6. What style is the marker?
  7. Does the marker have a number?
  8. What year was the marker erected?
  9. Who or what organization placed the marker?
  10. This marker needs at least one picture.
  11. Can this marker be seen from the road?
  12. Is the marker in the median?