The Battle of Gaines' Mill

The Battle of Gaines' Mill (HM9QR)

Location: Mechanicsville, VA 23111 Hanover County
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Country: United States of America
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N 37° 34.455', W 77° 17.447'

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Although victorious at Beaver Dam Creek on June 26, 1862, Union General George B. McClellan believed Stonewall Jackson's 25,000 Confederates threatened the Union right flank. The next morning, June 27, McClellan ordered Fitz John Porter's Fifth Corps to retire from its position behind Beaver Dam Creek toward the Chichahominy and continue with the rest of the Union army to the James River. McClellan's decision signaled the end of offensive operations against Richmond. He had surrendered the initiative to Robert E. Lee.

Porter's Union soldiers reached this plateau by mid-morning of June 27th. They faced west and north, occupying a two mile front on this high ground overlooking Boatswain's Creek. Porter's defense shielded the army's retreat which had already started on the other side of the Chickahominy River. The river is just one mile behind you to the south. Lee's assault against this line would begin about 2:00 pm.

Follow this loop trail to visit the scenes of some of the heaviest fighting of the Battle of Gaines' Mill.
HM NumberHM9QR
Placed ByRichmond National Battlefield Park - National Park Service
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, October 26th, 2014 at 3:14pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 297704 N 4161045
Decimal Degrees37.57425000, -77.29078333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 34.455', W 77° 17.447'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 34' 27.30" N, 77° 17' 26.82" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)804
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 6475-6499 State Rte 718, Mechanicsville VA 23111, US
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