The Battle of Ox Hill

The Battle of Ox Hill (HM9U5)

Location: Fairfax, VA 22033
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Country: United States of America
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N 38° 51.883', W 77° 22.252'

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Attack of General Birney's Brigade

A courier with an urgent request galloped up to 1st Division, III Corps commander Major General Philip Kearny on the Warrenton Turnpike. General Stevens' division had intercepted Stonewall Jackson's column on the Little River Turnpike and was in desperate need of support.

"By God, I'll support Stevens anywhere!" exclaimed Kearny. He ordered General David Birney's brigade to hasten forward. General John Robinson's and Colonel Orlando Poe's brigades were directed to follow.

Marching in heavy rain, Birney formed his line facing the cornfield, 450 yards west of here. Birney pushed forward five regiments of Maine and New York troops while holding two regiments in reserve near the Reid orchard.

Birney's lead regiments entered the cornfield and wheeled northward to engage the North Carolina brigades of generals Branch and Pender at the edge of the woods behind a double fence. Minie balls ripped through the corn as the Confederates poured a heavy fire into the Union ranks. As Birney's attack shifted westward in the woods, Branch extended his line accordingly to keep from being flanked. Wet ammunition ultimately caused the fight to degenerate into a vicious brawl of bayonets and clubbed muskets in the dim twilight.

Meanwhile, Kearny arrived and posted Battery E, 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery, on a knoll in the rear. The battery fired 100 rounds of solid shot into the woods. Birney informed Kearny that Stevens' troops had withdrawn, leaving his right flank uncovered, and requested that Poe's brigade fill the gap. Shocked by this news, Kearny rode off to the right to investigate.
HM NumberHM9U5
Year Placed2008
Placed ByFairfax County Park Authority
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, October 1st, 2014 at 1:11am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 294299 N 4304435
Decimal Degrees38.86471667, -77.37086667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 51.883', W 77° 22.252'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 51' 52.98" N, 77° 22' 15.12" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)571, 703
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 12216-12298 Fairfield House Dr, Fairfax VA 22033, US
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