Longstreet Attacks at 4 p.m.

Longstreet Attacks at 4 p.m. (HMA2P)

Location: Gettysburg, PA 17325 Adams County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 47.103', W 77° 15.218'

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July 2, 1863 - Second Day

"General Longstreet was delayed by a force occupying the high, rocky hill on the enemy's extreme left...."
General Robert E. Lee, C.S.A.
Commander, Army of Northern Virginia

After an early morning reconnaissance, General Lee made plans for the battle's second day. He would attack the Union line at both ends - a diversionary attack on the northern end at Cemetery Hill and Culp's Hill, and a major attack here at the southern end that would "roll up" the Federal left.

Corps commander on this end of the field was Lt. Gen. James Longstreet, Lee's "old war horse." However it took Longstreet several hours to maneuver his 15,000 troops into position, using routes that would conceal them from Union lookouts on Little Round Top. The Confederate infantry assault did not begin until 4:00 p.m.

In the meantime, the Union Third Corps under Maj. Gen. Daniel E. Sickles had moved - without orders - to the high ground along the Emmitsburg Road, west of Little Round Top. Maj. Gen. John B. Hood's Confederate Division, which compromised Longstreet's right, swept out of the woods behind you and over the fields in front of you against Sickles' artillery and infantry. If successful, they could seize the strategic, yet undefended Round Tops.

(References to key points in the photo of the landscape):
(1) Little Round Top
The Federals occupied this rocky hill moments before Longstreet's Confederates struck. With its natural defenses and commanding view, it became a strong anchor for the Union line. Little Round Top is one mile from here.

(2) Big Round Top
The Federals left this wooded hill undefended until the evening of the second day.
HM NumberHMA2P
Placed ByGettysburg National Military Park
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, September 5th, 2014 at 1:26am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 307019 N 4406329
Decimal Degrees39.78505000, -77.25363333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 47.103', W 77° 15.218'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 47' 6.18" N, 77° 15' 13.08" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)717
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 32 S Confederate Ave, Gettysburg PA 17325, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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