The High Water Mark

The High Water Mark (HMAIU)

Location: Gettysburg, PA 17325 Adams County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 48.773', W 77° 14.135'

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July 3, 1863 - Third Day

"Too bad! Too bad! On! Too bad!"
General Robert E. Lee, C.S.A.
Commander, Army of Northern Virginia

"Thank God."
Maj. Gen. George G. Meade, U.S.A.
Commander, Army of the Potomac

Speaking of the Confederates who had executed Pickett's Charge, General Lee reflected, "I never saw troops behave more magnificently..." Yet, this last great assault at Gettysburg, among the greatest made by American soldiers, failed to crumble the Union defenses.

"Hurrahs" rose from the United soldiers here as the Confederate tide ebbed. 12,000 Confederates had thrown themselves against the Union line - nearly half of them had been killed, wounded, or captured. General Meade prepared his men for another attack on the 4th, but it never came. That night, Lee's army began its muddy retreat into Virginia.

Years after the battle, Pickett's Charge and its failure came to be known as the "High Water Mark of the Confederacy." The war would continue for nearly two more years, but Lee's Army of Northern Virginia would not invade the North again. A Union officer who had witnessed Pickett's Charge wrote, "from that time on, the march of the rebellion was toward Appomattox."

After Gettysburg
July 3 (1) Gettysburg - Lee's invasion of Pennsylvania repulsed.
July 4 (2) Vicksburg - Confederates surrender to General Grant. North gains control of Mississippi River.
Sept. 20 (3) Chickamauga - Last great Southern victory.
Nov. 23-25 (4) Chattanooga - Bragg's Confederate army retreats into Georgia.

May-June (5) Grant's Virginia Campaign - Battles of Wilderness, Spotsylvania, North Anna, Cold Harbor. Lee driven back upon Richmond and Petersburg.
Sept. 2 (6) Atlanta - Sherman occupies Atlanta. Begins famous "March to the Sea" November 15.
Dec 15-16 (7) Nashville - Thomas crushes the Confederate Army of Tennessee.
Dec. 21 (8) Savannah - Sherman occupies Savannah and further divides the Confederacy.

April 2 (9) Petersburg - After 10-month siege, Grant breaks Lee's line and closes in on Richmond.
April 9 (10) Appomattox - Lee surrenders Army of Northern Virginia at Appomattox Court House.
April 26 (11) Durham Station - Johnston surrenders Confederate forces in Carolinas, Georgia, and Florida.
Placed ByGettysburg National Military Park
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, October 15th, 2014 at 3:19pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 308642 N 4409380
Decimal Degrees39.81288333, -77.23558333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 48.773', W 77° 14.135'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 48' 46.38" N, 77° 14' 8.10" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)717
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 4900 Hancock Ave, Gettysburg PA 17325, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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