The Battle Opens

The Battle Opens (HMAK1)

Location: Mechanicsville, VA 23111 Hanover County
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Country: United States of America
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N 37° 35.305', W 77° 16.642'

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Cold Harbor Battlefield Park Walking Trail

By mid-afternoon on June 1, 1864, Ulysses S. Grant massed 45,000 Federals near Old Cold Harbor, 800 yards east of here. At 5:00 p.m. he ordered an attack, hoping to split Lee's army into two parts. Six veteran New Jersey regiments under Colonel William H. Penrose crossed this ground and passed the nearby Garthright House. At first a "death-dealing artillery fire" raked the Federals, then blasts of Confederate musketry. The Federal attack stalled after an advance of more than a half mile. Penrose's men quickly started digging a line of works 400 yards in front of you; for the remainder of the battle that would be the Union front line.

Killed in this bloody attack was Sergeant-Major A. Vorhes Wyckoff of the 15th New Jersey. Shot through the head, he died the next morning and was buried in the yard of the Garthright house. Today he rests across the road in the Cold Harbor National Cemetery.
HM NumberHMAK1
Placed ByHanover County Parks and Recreation, National Park Service
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, October 9th, 2014 at 10:34am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 298927 N 4162588
Decimal Degrees37.58841667, -77.27736667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 35.305', W 77° 16.642'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 35' 18.30" N, 77° 16' 38.52" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)804
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 6019 Cold Harbor Rd, Mechanicsville VA 23111, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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