Shenandoah Iron Works

Shenandoah Iron Works (HMAUX)

Location: Shenandoah, VA 22849 Page County
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Country: United States of America
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N 38° 29.068', W 78° 37.347'

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Page Valley Iron Industry

In 1836, brothers Daniel and Henry Forrer, in partnership with Samuel Gibbons, purchased land here for an ironworks and built a cold-blast furnace, called Furnace #1. Some 6,249 acres provided trees for charcoal, quarries and mines for limestone and ore, and crops to feed the workers. The Forrers later built Catherine Furnace near Newport and Pitt Springs and Furnace #2 on Naked Creek. Each furnace consumed an acre of wood per day for charcoal production to stay in blast. In September 1862, a black-powder mill, under the direction of local resident John Welfley, began operation just across the river.

During the Civil War, many thousands of troops marched along the Luray to Staunton Turnpike which entered Page County near price's Mill and ran along the river just west of here. In May 1862, Confederate Gen. Richard S. Ewell's men passed by on their way to join Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's attack on Front Royal. About two weeks later, Union Gen. James Shields came by twice, en route to and retreating after the Battle of Port Republic.

Although Union soldiers devastated nearby Shenandoah Valley farms during "The Burning" in October 1864, they did not destroy any ironworks. Perhaps Union commander Col. William H. Powell, himself a Pennsylvania iron man, spared them.
Series This marker is part of the Virginia Civil War Trails series
Year Placed2006
Placed BySummers-Koontz #490, in partnership with the Shenandoah Valley Battlefields Foundation, Virginia Civil War Trails, and the Town of Shenandoah
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, October 10th, 2014 at 5:39pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 707375 N 4262248
Decimal Degrees38.48446667, -78.62245000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 29.068', W 78° 37.347'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 29' 4.08" N, 78° 37' 20.82" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)540
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 201-299 Maryland Ave, Shenandoah VA 22849, US
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