The Barger House

The Barger House (HMAV9)

Location: Staunton, VA 22980
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Country: United States of America
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N 38° 7.692', W 79° 2.645'

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The War's Lasting Effects

Relocated from its original site approximately fifty miles to the south on Little Patterson's Creek in Botetourt County, Virginia, the Barger home, immediately in front of you, is an operational pre-Civil War farmstead from the Valley of Virginia. It is representative of the average agricultural livelihoods of common soldiers and noncombatant farmers in this region.

Because of his age, John Barger did not serve in the war, but two of his sons and a brother did fight for the Confederacy. His sons and brother survived the hostilities. The true test of the war, however, for the Barger family, fell in the area of finance. Prior to the war, Barger borrowed money from his family and the bank of Fincastle to purchase land and finance his farm. When t he prices of agricultural goods plummeted in the wake of war, he was unable to pay his debts, and on May 7, 1869, filed for bankruptcy. Two and a half years later, the District Court of the United States for the Eastern District of Virginia foreclosed on the property, a fate shared by many others in postwar Virginia. It is not clear how Barger fared financially after the event. However, by the 1880's, a niece and her husband purchased the farmstead and heirs continued to reside on the property well into the latter part of the 20th century.

According to the 1860 census, on the eve of the Civil War, the population of the ten county area from Harpers Ferry to Rockbridge County consisted of 26,410 slaves or 18 percent of the total population of the Shenandoah Valley. Fewer than 4,040 or 4 percent of the Valley's population of 121,194 whites and free blacks were slaveholders. Additionally, more than 4,593 free blacks made up 3 percent of the population of the area and were involved in critical trade throughout the Valley.

Although no slaves worked on the Barger farmstead prior to the war, two blacks, "Law & wife Mell," were listed as residents with the Barger family in the 1860 census. Little is known of their relations with the Barger family or what happened to them afterward.
HM NumberHMAV9
Series This marker is part of the Virginia Civil War Trails series
Year Placed2002
Placed ByThe Shenandoah Valley Battlefields Foundation, Virginia Civil War Trails, and the Frontier Culture Museum of Virginia
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, September 7th, 2014 at 1:25pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 671432 N 4221846
Decimal Degrees38.12820000, -79.04408333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 7.692', W 79° 2.645'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 7' 41.52" N, 79° 2' 38.70" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)434, 540
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 20 Sycamore St, Staunton VA 22980, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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