War Comes to the Blackwater

War Comes to the Blackwater (HMBWD)

Location: Franklin, VA 23851
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Country: United States of America
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N 36° 40.468', W 76° 55.174'

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During the first three years of the War Between the States, the Franklin railhead was the terminus of the Blackwater - Chowan corridor. The Confederate commissary used this route to deliver the millions of pounds of goods from eastern North Carolina and Virginia that kept General Robert E. Lee's army in the field. The headquarters of the Blackwater Line, which protected Lee's supply line and guarded Richmond's southeastern flank, was here. In the spring of 1863 Major General James Longstreet launched the Suffolk Campaign from Franklin and South Quay. After the "action at Crumpler's Bluff," on October 3, 1862, in which Union gunboats bombarded the town, most of Franklin's civilians fled, leaving the village in the hands of Confederate soldiers. Labor and food shortages beset those who remained. In June 1864 the Federals crossed the James River and flanked the Blackwater Line. Richmond reduced its forces near Franklin, opening the adjacent countryside to frequent Yankee raids. Soon after Lee's surrender at Appomattox in April 1865 Franklin's citizens returned to an occupied, destitute hamlet. Its assets in slaves and money were wiped out. Its bridges and railroad were destroyed and its wharves and warehouses were in decay.

"Those were days full of sorrow and anxiety from morning till night, and through the night the heavy roaring of cannon like thunder and the whole earth full of smoke, and everything in an unsettled condition. One did not feel like work, and where we were located we could not raise a crop, as we were in the border line?. Longstreet's Brigade was camped on my father's farm, and the lame, sick, halt, and maimed, and all those who did not want to go to the front were there, and they were not very desirable neighbors; no hungry people are. Pig after pig disappeared until there were none left and the same with chickens, turkeys, calves, and lambs, and last of all the beehives."
Jenny Camp Norfleet

Time Line
1862 U.S. gunboats shell Franklin and the Confederates fortify the Blackwater.
1863 The Confederates besiege Union-held Suffolk. Units from Franklin participate in the Gettysburg campaign.
1864 The Siege of Petersburg isolates Franklin.
1865 Franklin begins to recover as the railroad is rebuilt and the river trade is reorganized.
1867 Blacks vote for the first time.
1869 Franklin's first municipal government is organized.
1873 Franklin's first newspapers are printed.
1876 Franklin incorporates.
1877 P.D. camp and Company is organized.
1878 The Farmers and Merchants Steam Transportation Company leases the Clyde Line's facilities.
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, September 22nd, 2014 at 5:30am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 328469 N 4060477
Decimal Degrees36.67446667, -76.91956667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 36° 40.468', W 76° 55.174'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds36° 40' 28.08" N, 76° 55' 10.44" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)757
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 362-398 US-258, Franklin VA 23851, US
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