Burkeville Junction

Burkeville Junction (HMCD1)

Location: Burkeville, VA 23922 Nottoway County
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Country: United States of America
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N 37° 11.353', W 78° 12.196'

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"Sights never to be forgotten"

— Wilson-Kautz Raid —

In June 1864, to deny Gen. Robert E. Lee the use of the South Side R.R. and the Richmond and Danville R.R., Gen. Ulysses S. Grant sent Gen. James H. Wilson and Gen. August V Kautz south of Petersburg on a cavalry raid to destroy track and rolling stock. Burkeville Junction, where the two lines crossed, was the raiders' principal target.

Kautz's force arrived about 3 p.m. on June 23, "meeting but slight resistance" from about 300 Confederate infantrymen who retreated to nearby High Bridge. Many wounded Confederates in the wayside hospital were left behind. The depot, storehouses, support structures, and track were destroyed, but advance warning had given local Confederates time to remove the stores and rolling stock to safety. The Federals destroyed the rail lines in all four directions for up to six miles.

"When General Kautz,s command arrived at Burkeville, the destruction of the railroad began. The scene presented at Burkeville and Keysville, after dark set in, was demon-like; the burning track visible for miles, the moving figures of men carrying fuel to feed the flames, the iron rails twisted by heat into strange attitudes, were sights never to be forgotten. The men worked with spirit and cheerfully, notwithstanding their great fatigue after marching all day, and getting little sleep when night came, the work lasted far into the night and the usual hour of starting was 2 or 3 a.m., so that the command might be well on the road by daylight. The Second Brigade destroyed about five miles of track on the Lynchburg road above the junction, went to bivouac at midnight, and was aroused at 4 a.m. to finish the destruction of the junction, which was done in an hour." - Trooper, 11th Pennsylvania Cavalry

"Several vacant stores at Burkeville were fitted with sick and wounded Confederate soldiers, and a great number were lying on cots under the shade of trees. The local physician in charge of these unfortunates appeared to be taxed beyond his resources. The condition of the sick and wounded was deplorable, some were lying unattended on the floor; no screens to the doors and windows; the flies were in swarms about those unable to help themselves. Such is war! The men did all in their power to alleviate the condition of their enemies, but it was little they could do; when the morning came, several of the poor fellows were dead." - Trooper, 11th Pennsylvania Cavalry
HM NumberHMCD1
Series This marker is part of the Virginia Civil War Trails series
Placed ByVirginia Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, October 10th, 2014 at 6:02pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 748251 N 4119527
Decimal Degrees37.18921667, -78.20326667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 11.353', W 78° 12.196'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 11' 21.18" N, 78° 12' 11.76" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)434
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 2-98 State Rte 9299, Burkeville VA 23922, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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