The Meeting of the Rivers

The Meeting of the Rivers (HMCR3)

Location: Cairo, IL 62914 Alexander County
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Country: United States of America
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N 36° 59.04', W 89° 8.391'

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Long known to the Indian who used the two great rivers as his highways for trade and war, this junction of the Ohio and the Mississippi was first sighted by Europeans when Marquette and Joliet glided past in 1673. Ten years later La Salle explored the area and established France's claim to the Mississippi Valley. From that time on this confluence was recognized as a strategic site for settlement and fortification. George Rogers Clark, following the capture of Kaskaskia in 1778, stationed armed boats at this junction to guard against attacks on the Illinois country by the British or Spanish. Here in 1811 the "New Orleans", first steamboat to navigate western waters, lay at anchor during three nights of the New Madrid earthquake. In April of 1861 Fort Defiance was established at the confluence to thwart Confederate invasion and blockade the trade of the South. From here was launched General Grant's great flanking movement of the Cumberland and Tennessee Rivers, which began at Fort Henry and ended at Vicksburg, giving the Union complete control of the Mississippi.
HM NumberHMCR3
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, September 15th, 2014 at 11:49am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 309552 N 4095237
Decimal Degrees36.98400000, -89.13985000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 36° 59.04', W 89° 8.391'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds36° 59' 2.40" N, 89° 8' 23.46" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)618
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 110 Fort Defiance Rd, Cairo IL 62914, US
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