Battle of Fredericksburg

Battle of Fredericksburg (HMDX3)

Location: Fredericksburg, VA 22408
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Country: United States of America
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N 38° 15.862', W 77° 26.481'

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The Slaughter Pen

On December 13, 1862, Union and Confederate troops clashed here, on muddy fields dubbed the "Slaughter Pen." Union Gen. William B. Franklin had 65,000 troops, but employed only two divisions, numbering 8,000 men, under Generals George G. Meade and John Gibbon, to capture Prospect Hill - the key to the Confederate right flank.

Meade penetrated a gap in the Confederate line but did not receive reinforcements in time to exploit his gains. After two failed attempts, Gibbon's men reached and captured part of the Confederate line only to be driven back due to lack of support. The Confederate repulse deprived the Union of its only real chance of victory at Fredericksburg. The day's fierce combat around Prospect Hill and the Slaughter Pen resulted in more than 9,000 combined casualties. Here, on these fields, Union soldiers earned five Medals of Honor.

"This one differed from most of the battlefields of the war. It was not in woods, ravines, underbrush or wilderness. Our army was all in the open country... and the movements could be viewed in all their martial beauty and military glory from any quarter of the field."
- Col. Thomas F. M'Coy, 107th Pennsylvania Infantry, USA

"The advancing force was visibly staggered by our rapid and well-directed artillery but soon, recovering from the shock, the Federal troops continued to press forward."
- Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson, CSA
HM NumberHMDX3
Series This marker is part of the Virginia Civil War Trails series
Year Placed2009
Placed ByCivil War Preservation Trust and Virginia Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, October 4th, 2014 at 6:19pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 286412 N 4237966
Decimal Degrees38.26436667, -77.44135000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 15.862', W 77° 26.481'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 15' 51.72" N, 77° 26' 28.86" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)540, 804
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 11190-11196 Tidewater Trail, Fredericksburg VA 22408, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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