Wars That Shaped the Nation

Wars That Shaped the Nation (HMEQ9)

Location: West Point, NY 10996 Orange County
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Country: United States of America
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N 41° 23.643', W 73° 57.495'

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The Mexican War

The Mexican War increased the nation's size by over 20 percent and continued the rapid territorial expansion of the United States. In 1846, after a number of incidents along the border between Texas and Mexico, the United States declared war against Mexico and rapidly raised an army of volunteers serving under professional officers. An army under Zachary Taylor advanced into Mexico from Texas in 1846. In 1847, General Winfield Scott began the decisive campaign. After landing at Veracruz, Scott proceeded overland, won five battles, and captured Mexico City to end the war.

The war offered many West Pointers their first combat experience and affirmed the Military Academy's role as the nation's preeminent source of professional officers. Many junior officers, including Robert E. Lee, Ulysses S. Grant, George B. McClellan and others would gain valuable lessons that would guide them later in the Civil War.

The captured trophies from the war displayed here are all bronze and vary only slightly from those used in earlier American conflicts. Markings on the guns indicate that most were made in England in the 1840's and purchased for the Mexican Army. The largest cannon, a 24-pounder, manned by cadets of the Mexican Military Academy was taken by General Scott's forces at Chapultepec in Mexico City.

Cannon tubes are from the collections of the West Point Museum which has other Mexican War exhibits on display in its facility at Pershing Center.
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HM NumberHMEQ9
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Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, September 4th, 2014 at 10:56pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18T E 587089 N 4583025
Decimal Degrees41.39405000, -73.95825000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 41° 23.643', W 73° 57.495'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds41° 23' 38.58" N, 73° 57' 29.70" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)914, 845
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 117-125 Washington Rd, West Point NY 10996, US
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