The Market House

The Market House (HMG7V)

Location: Fayetteville, NC 28301 Cumberland County
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Country: United States of America
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N 35° 3.161', W 78° 52.691'

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Inscription

Site of a Shootout

— Carolinas Campaign —

On Saturday morning, March 11, 1865, a brief skirmish took place here at the Market House as Confederate forces evacuated Fayetteville while Union Gen. William T. Sherman's army entered the town. A rear guard detachment under Gen. Wade Hampton surprised a Union cavalry patrol after one of the Federals came around the corner from Russell Street and then fired at Hampton on the south side of the Market House. In the ensuing engagement, several Union cavalrymen were killed or captured. Within a few hours, Hampton's forces had departed, burning the Clarendon Bridge behind them.

To save the building from destruction, Mayor Archibald McLean and a majority of the seven town commissioners went to Sherman's lines on March 11 and negotiated the peaceful surrender of the town. During Sherman's occupation of Fayetteville, Federal soldiers flew a United States flag from the Market House cupola.

After the Civil War, the Market House remained an important part of the civic and economic life of Fayetteville, functioning as an open market into the 20th century. The upstairs rooms still serve as meeting space.

[Sidebar at lower right]:
On this site in 1789, in a building called the State House, the North Carolina General Assembly met in the upper chamber to ratify the U.S. Constitution, cede the state's western territory to form Tennessee, and charter the University of North Carolina. The Great Fire of 1831 destroyed the old State House, and the present Market House was built on the same site in 1832. It was Fayetteville's economic and civic center, with an open market in the arcade and a town hall on the floor above. Occasionally, estate sales of small numbers of slaves occurred here.
Details
HM NumberHMG7V
Series This marker is part of the North Carolina Civil War Trails series
Tags
Placed ByNorth Carolina Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, October 12th, 2014 at 9:16pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 693510 N 3880943
Decimal Degrees35.05268333, -78.87818333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 35° 3.161', W 78° 52.691'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds35° 3' 9.66" N, 78° 52' 41.46" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)910, 919
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 28-48 Market Square, Fayetteville NC 28301, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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