The Civil War in the South Branch Valley

The Civil War in the South Branch Valley (HMGQ1)

Location: Romney, WV 26757 Hampshire County
Buy West Virginia State flags at!
Country: United States of America
Buy United States of America flags at!

N 39° 19.47', W 78° 47.601'

  • 0 check ins
  • 0 favorites
At the time of the Civil War, the South Branch Valley was comprised of many small, independent farms. The mid-19th century was a golden age of agriculture in the eastern United States, and the valley was among the most agriculturally productive areas in Virginia. With the coming of war the valley found itself part of the newly created northern state of West Virginia. However sympathies of the people of the valley were mostly with Virginia and the South, and many of their husbands and sons served with Confederate units.

Romney and the South Branch Valley held strategic significance because of their proximity to the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. The B & O Railroad was a vital transportation link for the North, linking the eastern and western states. Throughout the war, Confederates fought to disrupt traffic on the B & O Railroad. By controlling Romney and the South Branch Potomac Valley, the North could protect a critical stretch of railroad from Confederate raids.

Union troops under the command of Colonel Jacob M. Campbell were ordered to Romney in early March, 1863. Col. Campbell's command included the 54th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, the 1st (West) Virginia Volunteer Infantry, Battery E of the 1st (West) Virginia Light Artillery, and the Ringgold Cavalry (Co. A, 22nd PA Cav.)

Well Anne, We left North Mountain a Friday eaving on the cars, got to Green Springs a Satterday morning, staid thair till Sunday then started for Romney. we go this place at dark. the rodes was vary muddy and it was raining byt we got our knapsacks hauld. we ar campt in the same field we was in when we was hear before. it is a hard looking place. I was over in Romney yesterday and as I was goin down the windays like they did when we was hear befor I seen mules and horses asricking their heads out of the windays of sum of the best houses.
March 11, 1863 letter of Private Joshua Winters, Company G, 1st (West) Virginia Volunteer Infantry, from Civil War Letters and Diary of Joshua Winters edited by Elizabeth Davis Swiger
HM NumberHMGQ1
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, September 28th, 2014 at 10:49pm PDT -07:00
Sorry, but we don't have a picture of this historical marker yet. If you have a picture, please share it with us. It's simple to do. 1) Become a member. 2) Adopt this historical marker listing. 3) Upload the picture.
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 690211 N 4355109
Decimal Degrees39.32450000, -78.79335000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 19.47', W 78° 47.601'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 19' 28.20" N, 78° 47' 36.06" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)304
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 2243-2299 Unnamed Road, Romney WV 26757, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

Is this marker missing? Are the coordinates wrong? Do you have additional information that you would like to share with us? If so, check in.

Check Ins  check in   |    all

Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.

Comments 0 comments

Maintenance Issues
  1. Is this marker part of a series?
  2. What historical period does the marker represent?
  3. What historical place does the marker represent?
  4. What type of marker is it?
  5. What class is the marker?
  6. What style is the marker?
  7. Does the marker have a number?
  8. What year was the marker erected?
  9. Who or what organization placed the marker?
  10. This marker needs at least one picture.
  11. Can this marker be seen from the road?
  12. Is the marker in the median?