Grinninger Fence

Grinninger Fence (HMH72)

Location: Austin, TX 78701 Travis County
Buy Texas State flags at!
Country: United States of America
Buy United States of America flags at!

N 30° 15.635', W 97° 44.489'

  • 0 check ins
  • 0 favorites
First known use of barbed wire in Texas (1857), by John Grinninger, immigrant from Europe, worker in an early Austin iron foundry. Grinninger, who lived on Waller Creek (NE of here) grew fruit, vegetables and flowers. To protect garden, he ran homemade barbed wire along top of his fence. Noted peace officer and sometime outlaw Ben Thompson is said to have recalled years later that in youth he tore jeans on that fence. Grinninger was murdered in 1862. In 1867 first U.S. patent on barbed wire was issued.

Expansion of the cattle industry in 1870's led to business for wire-makers, for Midwest and Western America lacked timber for fences. John Warne "Bet-A-Million" Gates created a sensation in the 70's in San Antonio by penning wild cattle with barbed wire.

Joseph F. Glidden and Isaac L. Ellwood of Illinois were most successful barbed wire manufacturers in the United States. Their Texas manager, H.B. Sanborn erected "model" fences in 1870's-80's in Grayson and Potter counties, showing ranchers the practicality of enclosing vast acreages. Barbed wire is said to have saved ranching from extinction. It gave each landowner control of cattle breeding and property.

Wire's many styles are now prized by collectors.
HM NumberHMH72
Marker Number14554
Year Placed1969
Placed ByThe State Historical Survey Committee
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, September 16th, 2014 at 4:37pm PDT -07:00
Sorry, but we don't have a picture of this historical marker yet. If you have a picture, please share it with us. It's simple to do. 1) Become a member. 2) Adopt this historical marker listing. 3) Upload the picture.
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)14R E 621067 N 3348330
Decimal Degrees30.26058333, -97.74148333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 30° 15.635', W 97° 44.489'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds30° 15' 38.10" N, 97° 44' 29.34" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)512
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 640 Ann and Roy Butler Hike and Bike Trail, Austin TX 78701, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

Is this marker missing? Are the coordinates wrong? Do you have additional information that you would like to share with us? If so, check in.

Check Ins  check in   |    all

Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.

Comments 0 comments

Maintenance Issues
  1. Is this marker part of a series?
  2. What historical period does the marker represent?
  3. What historical place does the marker represent?
  4. What type of marker is it?
  5. What class is the marker?
  6. What style is the marker?
  7. This marker needs at least one picture.
  8. Can this marker be seen from the road?
  9. Is the marker in the median?