The Slave Trade In Richmond

The Slave Trade In Richmond (HMH8P)

Location: Richmond, VA 23219
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Country: United States of America
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N 37° 32.175', W 77° 25.723'

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The land around you for several blocks was the regional center for the commerce in black slaves. There were 4 main dealers each with a jail-like compound surrounded with heavy log fences. The largest and most fearsome was Lumpkin Jail - "The Devils ½ Acre" located here.

Virginia in 1778 and the United States in 1808 banned the import trade in human beings, but interstate trade continued in the south. Virginia particularly through Richmond, became the major supplier as its plantations had less and less need for large numbers of workers. Some slaves were also "rented" to iron foundries and tobacco processing factories in Richmond. The sale of "surplus" slaves, some perhaps from breeding programs, helped keep slavery profitable.

After emancipation Lumpkin Jail converted to classrooms for former slaves. Later this became the site for the first college for African Americans in the Commonwealth, now called Virginia Union University.

Sign paid for by a contribution to the James River Park Fund by students at Trinity High School
HM NumberHMH8P
Placed ByJames River Park Fund
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, October 25th, 2014 at 11:31am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 285412 N 4157134
Decimal Degrees37.53625000, -77.42871667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 32.175', W 77° 25.723'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 32' 10.50" N, 77° 25' 43.38" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)804
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1505-1507 Richmond-Petersburg Turnpike, Richmond VA 23219, US
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