"An Affair Most Important to Us" - The Federal Right, October 27-28, 1864

"An Affair Most Important to Us" - The Federal Right, October 27-28, 1864 (HMISF)

Location: Decatur, AL 35601 Morgan County
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Country: United States of America
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N 34° 36.822', W 86° 59.137'

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"A Hard Nut To Crack"

— The Battle For Decatur —

As Hood's Army of Tennessee encircled Decatur, sharpshooters advanced upon the Union defenses. Colonel Doolittle's men responded with heavy artillery and musket fire. During the early afternoon of October 27, the Confederates approached the Federal breastworks (to your front). At 2:00 p.m. Lieutenant Alexander Wilson of the 73rd Indiana Infantry organized 50 men from his regiment to attack these skirmishers. Wilson encountered "stubborn resistance," but by nightfall the Federal forward line remained "very nearly on its old ground." A dense fog crept over Decatur that night, and a force of Hood's skirmishers advanced from the woods to your front, digging in near to the Union lines. When the mist burned off, the Union commanders found "It was absolutely necessary to dislodge the enemy from this position, as they covered every gun in our principal fort [Fort No. 1] and would soon render it impossible to work them?" according to General Granger.

Captain W. C. Moore of the 18th Michigan Infantry formed a force from his regiment, and soldiers from the 102nd Ohio Infantry, 13th Wisconsin Infantry, 68th Indiana Infantry, and 73rd Indiana. Moore launched his assault at 11:00 a.m. The Confederates were, in part, from Govan's Brigade of Cleburne's Division, Cheatham's Corps. Captain Mumford Dixon, 3rd Confederate Infantry: "In position on the west of Decatur?Sent out 9 men as skirmishers last night. The enemy made a sortie out of their works, and captured 4 of my men and about 40 more from the Brigade." Granger noted: "[Captain Moore] returned to the fort, having cleared this line of the enemy's works, captured 120 men, including 5 commissioned officers; killed or wounded a very large number, with only a loss of 3 men, slightly wounded. This affair, though of short duration, was in its result most important to us."
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HM NumberHMISF
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Marker Number4
Placed ByCity of Decatur
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, September 17th, 2014 at 9:25am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 501318 N 3830205
Decimal Degrees34.61370000, -86.98561667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 34° 36.822', W 86° 59.137'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds34° 36' 49.32" N, 86° 59' 8.22" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)256
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 800-1062 Railroad St, Decatur AL 35601, US
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