Confederate Leadership at Decatur - McCartney Hotel Site

Confederate Leadership at Decatur - McCartney Hotel Site (HMISZ)

Location: Decatur, AL 35601 Morgan County
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Country: United States of America
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N 34° 36.905', W 86° 58.957'

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"A Hard Nut To Crack"

— The Battle For Decatur —

You are facing the site of the McCartney Hotel, where Confederate General Albert Sidney Johnston established his headquarters while reorganizing the Confederate Army of the West in March, 1862. Johnston spent almost two weeks here after he was driven out of Kentucky and Nashville by Union forces. From Decatur, Johnston began sending forces to concentrate with those of General P.G.T. Beauregard at Corinth, Mississippi. During this time, Beauregard sent a courier to Johnston, who found Johnston in an outer office attached to the main hotel building. The courier later recalled, "I can never forget the cordial greeting and the soldierly manner in which the General received us. I thought that I had never seen so remarkable a personage. Clean-shaved, except for a heavy mustache, nearly six feet in height, weighing some one hundred and eighty pounds and perhaps forty years of age, he stood my highest ideal of a soldier. But in that unstudied pose, which marked him in emergencies, with an eye that penetrated to the very thoughts of the listener, and with his whole face mirroring the grave responsibilities resting upon him, then it was that I received my profoundest impressions of his greatness." The loss of Forts Henry and Donelson, and ensuing evacuation of much of Middle Tennessee, had brought great criticism upon Johnston. In a letter dated from Decatur on March 18, 1862, Johnston told Confederate President Jefferson Davis, "?as to the censure which the fall of Fort Donelson?it was impossible for me to gather the facts for a detailed report, or to spare time which was required to extricate the remainder of my troops and save the large accumulation of stores and provisions after that disheartening disaster. The enemy are now at Nashville, about 15,000 strong, advancing in this direction by Columbia [Tennessee]. He has forces, according to?General Bragg ?from 25,000 to 50,000...landing at Pittsburg [Landing, Tennessee]. Tomorrow Breckenridge's brigade will go to Corinth, then Bowen's. Day after tomorrow, unless the enemy intercepts me, my force will be?nearly 50,000 strong. The cavalry will cross and move forward as soon as their trains can be passed over the railroad bridge [at Decatur]. ?If I join this corps to the forces of Beauregard, then those who are now declaiming against me will be without an argument. Your friend, A. S. Johnston." From Corinth, Johnston would eventually strike the Federal Army at Pittsburg Landing, culminating in the Battle of Shiloh. Here, Johnston would be killed April 6, 1862. Decatur's strategic location would frequently attract other Confederate generals, among them Nathan Bedford Forrest and Joseph Wheeler. Beauregard himself would come to Decatur during the 1864 Battle for Decatur to confer with John Bell Hood concerning Hood's plan for the campaign.

The area surrounding the McCartney Hotel was the focal point of the Federal garrison at Decatur, because of its location next to the railroad and the Tennessee River. Several Federal Army supply warehouses would eventually occupy the immediate grounds around you. When the Federal garrison was sent to the defense of Nashville in November, 1864, Confederate General Philip Roddey occupied the town. By Christmas Day, 1864 Roddey had been forced to depart the town by Federal columns advancing south in pursuit of Hood's defeated army. One Federal soldier told Major General James B. Steedman, "My lieutenant and some of our men ate their breakfast at the hotel in Decatur and there was nobody there except the old woman who keeps it."

Alexander A. McCartney established the hotel and a tavern prior to 1840 and it was commonly known as the Decatur Inn. McCartney died in 1860 but his wife, Jane McCartney, continued to run the "McCartney Hotel or McCartney House" as it had been called since at least 1851. The main hotel faced Market Street where a foot bridge crossed the railroad and led past the Burleson House. A wing of the hotel with its wide, second-story porch wrapped around Market Street and faced Bank Street. Mrs. McCartney owned the entire block on which the hotel was situated and also the block in front of the business.

Jane McCartney was one of the few residents of Decatur not ordered out of the fortifications by Grenville M. Dodge in 1864. During the Federal occupation, the building was used as officers' quarters. Mrs. McCartney died in 1869, and the hotel became a private residence. Eventually the building fell into disrepair after standing vacant, before its was finally torn down.
Marker Number8
Placed ByCity of Decatur
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, September 28th, 2014 at 2:51am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 501593 N 3830358
Decimal Degrees34.61508333, -86.98261667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 34° 36.905', W 86° 58.957'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds34° 36' 54.30" N, 86° 58' 57.42" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)256
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 103 Market St NW, Decatur AL 35601, US
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