Amelia Springs

Amelia Springs (HMJ77)

Location: Jetersville, VA 23083 Amelia County
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Country: United States of America
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N 37° 20.023', W 78° 6.504'

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Two Days of Action

— Lee's Retreat —

Union cavalry under Gen. Henry E. Davies, Jr. left Gen. Philip H. Sheridan's column near Jetersville on April 5, 1865, on a reconnaissance mission against the Army of Northern Virginia. Davies swept by here, rode through Paineville, and four Miles further on encountered Gen. G.W. Custis Lee's wagon train, which he attacked and destroyed. Gen. Fitzhugh Lee's cavalry in turn attacked part of Davies' command at Paineville and pursued it past this place through Amelia Springs.

The next day, when the Confederates left Amelia Court House for Farmville, Federal infantry caught up with them here. Gen. John B. Gordon's corps, serving as the rear guard, held off the Union attacks long enough for most of the army and the baggage train to escape west, where disaster awaited the Confederates at Sailor's Creek.

Black Confederates
When Davies attacked Custis Lee's wagon train near Paineville, he encountered gray-uniformed African-American troops who defended the train before surrendering. Described by a Southern officer as "the only company of colored troops in the Confederate service," the soldiers had been recruited in Richmond after February 1865 and promised their freedom. The Paineville clash is one of the few documented engagements in Virginia involving organized black Confederate troops. They symbolized the desperate straits of the Confederacy, which had officially opposed arming blacks.
HM NumberHMJ77
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, September 25th, 2014 at 1:16am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 756183 N 4135816
Decimal Degrees37.33371667, -78.10840000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 20.023', W 78° 6.504'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 20' 1.38" N, 78° 6' 30.24" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)804
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 3020 State Rte 642, Jetersville VA 23083, US
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Amelia Springs
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Nottoway County / Amelia County
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