Between here and the creek stood the forge. A low stone dam diverted water to power the bellows and hammer. Mount Misery, rising behind you, provided wood for charcoal. During the encampment, a road to the forge cut through the gap on the hill in front of you. The present road did not exist.
Bar iron produced at the forge was marketed in Philadelphia. In addition, the forge blacksmith shoed horses, steeled plows, and generally supplied the needs of the local community.
At the time of the Revolution, there were two forges along Valley Creek. This is the Upper Forge site. The other stood downstream near Washington's Headquarters. The area takes its name from the lower forge, built in the 1740s.