Russell Grove Presbyterian Church and School

Russell Grove Presbyterian Church and School (HMJ9B)

Location: Amelia Court House, VA 23002 Amelia County
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Country: United States of America
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N 37° 20.056', W 77° 59.326'

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Amelia Court House, Virginia

— Amelia County —

Russell Grove Presbyterian Church and the Russell Grove School were established as a result of the efforts of Mrs. Samantha Jane Neil, a Presbyterian missionary and teacher of African-American children after the Civil War. At first the school was primitive, with rough walls, boards painted black to act as chalkboards and no desks. Parents joined to pay the teachers and a man to cut wood for the woodstove, the school's only source of heat. The curriculum for the school from 1865 to well into the 20th century consisted of reading, writing, arithmetic, spelling, rhetoric, history, and physiology. As the school grew, a new building was constructed in 1892 in nearby Burkville. Renamed the Ingleside Seminary, it provided education for young African-American women of both Amelia and Nottoway counties. In 1933 Russell Grove High School for African Americans was built and opened on land purchased by the student's parents. Until then, Ingleside Seminary was the only place African Americans in Amelia County to receive a secondary education. By 1950 the Russell Grove High School's curriculum had grown to include vocational and college preparatory classes, with drama, athletics, and a variety of student clubs. It had 14 faculty members and 227 students. In 1956 a consolidated elementary school for African Americans, also named Russell Grove, was built across the road from the high school, marking the end of the one- and two-room schools in Amelia County. When desegregation arrived in Amelia in 1969, the Russell Grove Elementary School became Amelia County Elementary School, with 1150 children in its integrated classes.
HM NumberHMJ9B
Marker Number9
Placed ByCivil Rights in Education Heritage Trail?
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, September 29th, 2014 at 8:04am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 235207 N 4136145
Decimal Degrees37.33426667, -77.98876667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 20.056', W 77° 59.326'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 20' 3.36" N, 77° 59' 19.56" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)804
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 8500 Otterburn Rd, Amelia Court House VA 23002, US
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