Fort Sumter 1861-65

Fort Sumter 1861-65 (HMKFF)

Location: Charleston, SC 29412 Charleston County
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Country: United States of America
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N 32° 45.144', W 79° 52.491'

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On April 12, 1861, Confederate forces bombarded Fort Sumter and the Civil War began. The Federal garrison surrendered the next day and evacuated on the 14th, leaving the fort in Confederate hands. Throughout the Civil War Fort Sumter was the center of conflict as Union forces struggled to regain the fort and control of Charleston Harbor.

Fort Sumter was subjected to a Union blockade, attacks by ironclad warships, and a twenty-two month siege, one of the longest in U.S. Military History. Heavy shelling by Union land batteries (1863-65) reduced most of the fort to a mound of rubble by the war's end.

In 1861 construction of Fort Sumter was nearly complete. An imposing, three-tiered structure with brick walls fifty feet high and five feet thick, the fort was designed to support 135 guns and a garrison of 650 men. The pentagon-shaped fort was described as one of the "most spectacular harbor defense structures to come out of any era of military architecture."
Series This marker is part of the Battlefield Trails - Civil War series
Placed ByFort Sumter National Monument, South Carolina - National Park Service - U.S. Department of the Interior
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, October 21st, 2014 at 5:07pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 605402 N 3624398
Decimal Degrees32.75240000, -79.87485000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 32° 45.144', W 79° 52.491'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds32° 45' 8.64" N, 79° 52' 29.46" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)843
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1-2099 Unnamed Road, Charleston SC 29412, US
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