John Henry Smyth

John Henry Smyth (HML2)

Location: Hanover, VA 23069 Hanover County
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Country: United States of America
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N 37° 44.884', W 77° 21.578'

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(14 July 1844-5 Sept. 1908)Born in Richmond, Va., to a free black mother and enslaved father, John Henry Smyth graduated from Howard University Law School in Washington, D.C., in 1872 and worked variously as a teacher, bank cashier, lawyer, and newspaper editor. He served as minister resident and consul general to Liberia, 1878-1885. His most enduring legacy, however, is the Hanover Juvenile Correctional Center, founded by him in 1897 as the Virginia Manual Labor School, among the first in the United States especially for African American youths. Smyth required his charges to labor on the school's farm to develop a strong work ethic. The center's school is named for him.
HM NumberHML2
Marker NumberND 13
Year Placed1999
Placed ByDepartment of Historic Resources
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, September 13th, 2014 at 9:24pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 292108 N 4180484
Decimal Degrees37.74806667, -77.35963333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 44.884', W 77° 21.578'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 44' 53.04" N, 77° 21' 34.68" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)804
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 12417-12419 VA-2, Hanover VA 23069, US
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