Historic Council Bluffs / Noted Council Bluffs Residents

Historic Council Bluffs / Noted Council Bluffs Residents (HMM7P)

Location: Underwood, IA 51576 Pottawattamie County
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Country: United States of America
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N 41° 24.222', W 95° 39.535'

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Inscription
Marker Front:
The Council Bluffs area was the scene of such important events in Iowa history as the explorations of Lewis and Clark, the Mormon Trail, the Missouri River steamboat traffic and the railroad industry. Francois Guittar established the first white settlement here at Trader's Point in 1824. When the Mormons arrived in 1846 they called the community Kanesville. By special charter in 1853 the State Legislature changed the name to Council Bluffs. The name derives from a council held by Lewis and Clark with the Indians in 1804 on the west side of the river here.
The first steamboat landed in the area in 1819. For the next several decades hundreds of steamboats docked in Council Bluffs, bringing people and goods for their westward journey on the Oregon and California trails and to the western gold fields. In 1856, Congress authorized four railroads to traverse Iowa from east to west. Two of these were to terminate in Council Bluffs, the Northwestern from Lyons and the Rock Island from Davenport. This emphasis on transportation has not changed, and today Council Bluffs is served by two Interstate highways, 80 and 29.
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Marker Reverse:
In 1854, Grenville M. Dodge made Council Bluffs his home. General Dodge, a Civil War soldier and United States Congressman, was perhaps best known as the chief construction engineer for several railroads, including the Union Pacific. Council Bluffs was the eastern terminus of the this line, and when the Union Pacific joined with the Central Pacific in 1869, the first transcontinental railroad in the United States was completed.
Amelia Jenks Bloomer, an early resident, was a women's suffrage leader of national reputation. In addition to giving her name to a new style of clothing for women, she also wrote widely in periodicals during the 1850s and 1860s and was a popular lecturer on temperance and women's rights.
Another famous resident of Council Bluffs was Dr. Lee de Forest, known for his invention of the three-electrode vacuum tube and more than 300 other patents. His inventions were significant in the development of the radio and electronics industries during the early 20th century.
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Details
HM NumberHMM7P
Series This marker is part of the California Trail series, and the Iowa: State Historical Society of Iowa series.
Tags
Year Placed1976
Placed ByIowa State Historical Department Division of the State Historical Society and by the Iowa Department of Transportation
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, October 3rd, 2014 at 11:17pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15T E 277740 N 4586985
Decimal Degrees41.40370000, -95.65891667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 41° 24.222', W 95° 39.535'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds41° 24' 13.32" N, 95° 39' 32.10" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)712
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1500-1598 Unnamed Road, Underwood IA 51576, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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